Plant Science Bulletin archive

Issue: 1979 v25 No 3 FallActions


A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.


Richard M. Klein, Editor, Department of Botany, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405
Editorial Board
Jerry D. Davis - University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, WI
Peter Heywood - Brown University, Providence, RI
Anitra Thorhaug - Florida International University, Key Biscayne, FL
Richard P. Wunderlin - University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

Change of Address. Notify the Treasurer of the Botanical Society of America. Inc., Dr. Barbara D. Webster. Department of Agronomy & Range Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

Subscriptions for libraries and for persons not members of the Society can be obtained for $10.00 per year. Orders plus checks payable to "Botanical Society of America. Inc." should be sent directly to the Treasurer of the Society.

Manuscripts for the Plant Science Bulletin should be submitted to the editor. The Bulletin welcomes announcements, notes, notices and items of general interest to members of the Botanical Society and to the botanical community at large. No charge for inclusion of notices is made. Material submitted must be typed, double-spaced and in duplicate. Copy should follow the style of recent issues of the Bulletin.

Microfilms of the Plant Science Bulletin are available from University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.

The Plant Science Bulletin is published quarterly at the University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405. Second class postage paid at Burlington. VT.

Colloquium on Increased Communication, Cooperation, and Exchanges between Botanists of the United States and the People's Republic of China
Botanists from the People's Republic of China Visit the United States
The Future of the Plant Science Bulletin
AWARDS, 1979
Report of the Treasurer, 1979
Report of the Program Director, 1979
Report of the Editor of the American Journal of Botany, 1979
Report of the Business Manager of the American Journal of Botany, 1979
Report of the Education Committee, 1979
Report of the Conservation Committee, 1979
Report of the Membership Committee, 1979
Young Botanist Recognition Award-1979


Colloquium on Increased Communication, Cooperation, and Exchanges between Botanists of the United States and the People's Republic of China

From mid-May through mid-June 1978, a delegation of 10 botanists representing the Botanical Society of America was privileged to visit numerous research institutes and universities in the People's Republic of China. In May 1979 a reciprocal 10-person delegation of Chinese botanists visited diverse sites in the United States. On 1 June 1979 a colloquium was held at the University of California, Berkeley, attended by the visiting Chinese delegation, representatives of the American delegation, and by other interested parties, to summarize progress that was achieved as a result of this exchange, to suggest steps to be taken to build upon the strong personal and scientific bonds that have been established, and to insure even greater communication, cooperation and exchange between American and Chinese botanists in the future. Following is a brief summary of the major conclusions reached by the colloquium.

1) There was enthusiastic agreement that the visits by the delegations were scientifically productive and highly enlightening; both groups expressed their deep gratitude and sincere appreciation to the many individuals and institutions that contributed to the success of their respective visits.

2) There was unanimous agreement that exchanges of this type are especially important and desirable--indeed, virtually required--in such field-oriented sciences as botany and paleobotany. Unlike mathematics and many other scientific disciplines, the nature of the subject matter investigated often requires that the botanist personally examine, study and collect floristic material in situ; such studies can only be accomplished via first-hand visits to areas of interest.

3) The importance of botany to humans was also stressed, as was the relevance of paleobotanical and palynological research to the search for and discovery of untapped mineral resources; with regard to these and many other aspects of economic botany, botanists and paleobotanists in both countries have much to learn from and to contribute to one another.

4) With regard to the laboratory-oriented aspects of botany, there was complete agreement that exchange visits of scientists between Chinese and American laboratories were absolutely essential. Such studies hold promise for achieving major increases in crop viability and productivity, but they are both time-consuming and technically demanding. For this reason, the exchange of scientists should be for relatively long- term visits (on the order of months) rather than for short-term ones.

5) For both American and Chinese botanists, there was consensus that there is much to be gained from an increase of communication, cooperation and exchanges between botanists and botanical institutions of the two countries. Insofar as possible, such exchanges should take place at a person-to- person or institution-to-institution level. Many universities and other organizations in the two countries have begun actively to pursue and implement such possibilities. To further these goals, and build upon the solid base of friendship, respect and cooperation established as a result of the reciprocal visits of the two delegations, the colloquium made the following specific suggestions and proposals.

a) to facilitate international communication, botanical and related scientific societies in the two countries should exchange membership lists indicating the addresses and areas of scientific interest of their members;

b) collaborative research programs in all aspects of the botanical sciences should be expanded rapidly, and exchange visits of individuals, even more so than of delegations, should be encouraged and vigorously supported;

c) the exchange of journals, reprints and of scientific specimens--in short, of the materials on which the science is based--both between individuals and between scientific institutions in the two countries--should be expanded, as should the exchange of materials useful in botanical education;

d) exchange visits by students of the botanical and allied sciences, especially by students at the graduate and post-graduate level, should continue to be encouraged and facilitated between the two countries;

e) the American botanists proposed to the Chinese that a small team of Americans participate in a regularly scheduled Chinese botanical expedition in 1980 or 1981 as a means of re-establishing cooperative field-oriented programs, and the Chinese proposed corresponding study visits by Chinese taxonomists to American herbaria and other botanical centers. The details of implementing these proposals are receiving further consideration.

f) it was mutually agreed to begin a series of joint Chinese-American botanical symposia, as early as the summer of 1980 if possible, with the host country selecting the topics and inviting the participants. It was also agreed to extend invitations to botanists of both countries to participate in each other's annual botanical meetings.

g) a reciprocal program of translation of botanical books, audio-visual films and tapes, papers and other scientific and educational materials was seen as highly desirable and means for the implementation of such a program are being considered. Specifically, consultations will continue: on the possibility of translating the Flora of China, an: 80-volume work now being published as the collective effort of the Chinese systematic-botany community, into English and publishing it.

h) an exhibition of photographs of China taken more than 60 years ago by the plant explorer E. H. Wilson, supplemented by photographs of Chinese plants he collected, now grown to maturity in the United States, will be duplicated, subject to the availability of funds, and offered to the Chinese for display in the People's Republic of China. This is a joint project of the Arnold Arboretum and the Morris Arboretum.

i) Chinese and American botanists are encouraged and will be invited to prepare articles for publication in the journal of the other country, subject to normal review procedures and editorial practices.


Tang Pei-sung (Leader, Chinese Botanical Delegation to the United States; Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica Peking)

Peter Raven (Chairman, Botanical Society of America Committee for Scientific Liaison with the People's Republic of China; Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis)

Herbert Baker (President, Botanical Society of America University of California, Berkeley)

Bruce Bartholomew (University of California, Berkeley)

John Beaman (U.S. National Science Foundation, Washington, DC)

Winslow Briggs (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA)


Chiu Bing-chun (Foreign Affairs Bureau, Academia Sinica, Peking)

Thomas Duncan (University of California, Berkeley)

Thomas Elias (Cary Arboretum of the New York Botanical Garden, Millbrook, NY)

Fan Sheng-ting (Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Academia Sinica, Shanghai)

William Jensen (Past President, Botanical Society of America; University of California, Berkeley)

Li Xing-xue (Nanking Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Academia Sinica, Nanking)

J. William Schopf (University of California, Los Angeles)

Sheng Cheng-kui (Kiangsu Institute of Botany, Nanking)

Jane Shen-Miller (U.S. National Science Foundation, Washington, DC)

Stephen Spongberg (Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, Jamaica Plains, MA)

Richard Starr (University of Texas, Austin, TX)

Su Feng-lin (Foreign Affairs Bureau, Academia Sinica, Peking)

William Tai (Michigan State University, East Lansing)

Wu Cheng-yi (Yunnan Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Kunming)

Yin Hung-chang (Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology, Academia Sinica, Shanghai)

Yü Te-tsun (Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Peking)

Botanists from the People's Republic of China Visit the United States

A delegation from the Botanical Society of the People's Republic of China toured the United States from 1 May to 1 June 1979 as guests of the Botanical Society of America. This visit was a follow-up to the trip to China last summer (Shen-Miller, 1979; Bartholomew, Elias and Howard, 1979; Thorhaug, 1979); details and report of the U.S. trip is presented in Botany in China, edited by Anitra Thorhaug and available for $7.50 ($8.50 if an invoice is requested) from the Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO
61366. The visit was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Department of Energy through the Plant Research Laboratory of Michigan State University. William Tai of Michigan State University was appointed by Peter H. Raven as tour coordinator.

The visiting delegation consisted of Tang Peisung, chairman of the delegation, president of the Botanical Society of the People's Republic and director of the Botany Institute of Beijing (Peking); Yin Hongzhang, president of the Chinese Society of Plant Physiologists and director of the Plant Physiology Institute of Shanghai; Wu Chenyi, director of the Botany Institute of Yunnan; Xu Jen, chairman of Paleobotany of the Botany Institute of Beijing; Shen Chenkui, director of the Nanking Botanical Garden; Li Hsinxu, chairman of Paleontology, Nanking Geology Institute; Yü Tetsun, deputy director of the Botany Institute of Beijing and vice-president of the Botanical Society; Fan Shenting, assistant professor of plant chemistry of the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica; Su Fenglin, bureau chief of scientific exchanges with North America and Australia in the Foreign Affairs Bureau; scientific exchanges with North America and Australia in the Foreign Affairs Bureau; and Chiu Pingchin, interpreter.

The delegation was split into two groups; a systematic group consisting of Professors Wu, Yü, Shen, Xu, Li and Mr. Su and a plant physiology group of the other delegates. Dr. Tai escorted the systematic group and Dr. Jane Shen-Miller of the National Science Foundation and Dr. S. D. Kung of the University of Maryland led the plant physiologists. Each group followed an itinerary geared to its interests and hosts at each institution visited made every effort to match the interests of each guest with individual laboratories. The two groups traveled together from Washington, D.C. to New Haven, CT and Boston, MA. The physiology group went to Ithaca, NY, Yellow Springs, OH and Madison, WI while the systematics group visited the New York Botanical Garden, Miami, FL and the North Carolina triangle region. The groups rejoined in East Lansing, MI and then the systematists went to Chicago while the others went to Champaign, IL. Both groups traveled together to St. Louis, MO, Los Angeles, CA and Berkeley, CA. The two paleobotanists attended the Ninth International Congress of Carboniferous Stratography and Geology at the University of Illinois.

At each stop, the groups visited several institutions and because of the many requests to host the delegations, visits were arranged on weekends and botanists traveled great distances to meet the Chinese botanists. It was a great feeling to see the enthusiasm and friendship established between the hosts and guests.

In general, the Chinese were most interested in current developments in research and teaching. They were very interested in the application of knowledge of other disciplines such as the use of computers for data analysis, information storage and retrieval, the use of transmission and scanning electron microscopy and biochemical techniques used in systematics. The physiologists were interested in photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, plant hormones and plant byproducts. Because the Chinese are preparing an 80 volume China Flora, the systematists were especially interested in seeing type specimens of Chinese taxa in our herbaria. The vegetation of those regions of the U.S. having similar natural conditions as parts of China. Plant domestications and introductions were important as were herbaria and botanical garden management. The Chinese expressed strong interest in exchanges of specimens, seeds and plants and in the exchange of students, teachers and researchers. They invited several botanists to visit Chinese institutions or to attend meetings in China next year and several U.S. institutions have submitted proposals to the Chinese for future collaboration.

The Chinese were very frank about the current status of botany and indicated the need to make up for lost time. It was noted that they have a good deal to offer the United States including natural resources (germ plasm), their waste recycling process and studies in medicinal plants so that future cooperation will benefit both countries. The Chinese made every effort to visit old friends. Dr. Tang, for example, had dinners with his old department head, Dr. Ralph Wetmore and fellow students Dr. Fred Skinner and Dr. Stacy French. Dr. Yin visited his major professor, Dr. Frits Went and fellow student Dr. James Bonner.

The delegation left San Francisco on 2 June although its leader, Dr. Tang, stayed behind to continue travels in the United States and to visit Canada. Dr. Tang was honored by election to Corresponding Member of the Botanical Society during his attendance at the AIBS meeting in Stillwater in August.

Prior to leaving the United States, a meeting was held at the University of California, Berkeley to explore possibilities and expedite future cooperation. The meeting was attended by the full Chinese delegation, by representative of the American botanical community. Dr. Herbert Baker, president of the Botanical Society represented the Society. The text of the


agreement reached at this meeting is published above.

The Chinese delegation has returned to China, leaving behind a very warm feeling in the hearts of American botanists.

Bartholomew, B., R. A. Howard, and T. S. Elias. 1979. Phytotaxonomy in the People's Republic of China. Brittonia 31:1-25.
Shen- Miller, J. 1979. The BSA delegation trip to the People's Republic of China. BioScience 29:300-305.
Thorhaug, A. 1979. Report on the Botanical Society of America delegation to the People's Republic of China. Plant Science Bulletin 25:2-3.
William Tai, Peter H. Raven

The Future of the Plant Science Bulletin

Drs. Alan Orr, David Dilcher, Patrick Healy, Diana Stein and Dieter Wilken were appointed by President William Jensen to serve as an ad hoc committee to "report at the next council meeting and recommend to the Council 1) if the Plant Science Bulletin should continue as a publication of the Society, and 2) if it is to remain a publication, what form it should take." The committee undertook an attitude survey of the membership and sought the advice of members of the Council and other members of the Society.

Based on personal suggestions and on the results of the survey (330 members of the Society responded), the committee recommended and the council and the membership approved, that the following procedures should be followed:
1. continue publication of the Plant Science Bulletin,
2. increase frequency of publication to no more than six issues per volume with no more than eight pages per issue,
3. publish the Bulletin as a photo-offset publication from typed copy,
4. initiate changes with the volume for 1980 (volume 26),
5. to increase the role of the editorial board of the Bulletin by having the editorial board review at least annually with the editor the quality and quantity of material and kinds of items for publication, review annually with the editor the annual report to the Council and the mechanics of publication, review the duties and responsibilities of the Treasurer's office in regard to the Plant Science Bulletin, review the 1955 statement and publications policy and report to the Council at the next annual meeting if it should be retained or changed and to prepare a new article for the Society by-laws titled, Plant Science Bulletin, with other amendments it may deem necessary.

A meeting of the editor and one member of the editorial board was held at the Stillwater meetings to begin to fulfill the recommendations and vote of the Council and the membership. The Editor welcomes suggestions from the membership.

AWARDS, 1979

These awards are made to persons judged to have made outstanding contributions to botanical science. The first awards were made in 1956 at the 50th anniversary of the Botanical Society, and one or more have been presented each year since that time. This year the Award Committee has selected four botanists who are eminently qualified to join the ranks of merit awardees.

To DAVID W. BIERHORST, University of Massachusetts
"for his incisive and significant investigations of vascular cryptogams, especially Psilotum and Tmesipteris; for his painstaking studies of lesser-known ferns; and for his comprehensive book on the morphology of vascular plants."

To MARGARET H. FULFORD, University of Cincinnati
"for her excellent studies of the morphology and taxonomy of the leafy liverworsts, for her syntheses regarding the phylogeny of liverworts, and for her distinguished career as a teacher and investigator in Bryology."

To ANTON LANG, Michigan State University
"for his extensive and diverse contributions to developmental botany, especially the physiology of plant hormones, flowering, plant response to environment, cell differentiation, and organ formation; for numerous efforts in behalf of international botany, including many editorial tasks; and for coordinating the research of others as director of several laboratories. "

To SAMUEL N. POSTLETHWAIT, Purdue University
"for his contributions to the art of botanical teaching, specifically for his long-standing love of students and his development of the audio-tutorial system of laboratory instruction; and for research on the morphology of corn."

This award is made for meritorious work in the study of microscopical algae. The recipient is selected by a Committee of the Botanical Society which bases its judgment primarily on papers published during the last two calendar years.

To G. BENJAMIN BOUCK, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle
"for his imaginative use of diverse research techniques in providing significant contributions to our understanding of flagellar mastigonemes and other aspects of the flagellar apparatus in algal flagellates."

The New York Botanical Garden presents an award to the author of a recent publication making an outstanding contribution to the fundamental aspects of botany. The recipient is selected by a committee of the Botanical Society.

To KENNETH V. THIMANN, University of California, Santa Cruz
for his 1977 book entitled "Hormone Action in the Whole Life of Plants," University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst. The scientific career of Kenneth Thimann has coincided almost exactly with the development of the study of plant hormones and he and his students have contributed substantially to many aspects of that development. This book, which is based on a series of lectures given at the University of Massachusetts, is a valuable and highly personal narrative in which historical, anecdotal and experimental information are skillfully blended with literary grace and skill. No book published in the last ten years has so successfully integrated the vast and complex literature of this field.

The Jessie M. Greenman Award is presented each year by the Alumni Association of the Missouri Botanical Garden. It recognizes the paper judged best in vascular plant or bryophyte systematics based on a doctoral dissertation published during the previous year.

To FRANK ALMEDA, JR., California Academy of Sciences, for his publication "Systematics of the genus Monochaetum (Melastomataceae) in Mexico and Central America" published in the University of California Publications in Botany. This monographic study is based on a Ph.D. dissertation from the Department of Botany, Duke University.

The Lawrence Memorial Fund was established at the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie-Mellon University, in memory of the life and achievements of Dr. George H. M. Lawrence, founding Director of the Institute. The Fund was constituted initially by contributions from the Lawrence family and The Hunt Foundation, augmented by donations from Dr. Lawrence's colleagues and friends. Proceeds from the Fund will be used to make an annual Lawrence Memorial Award in the amount of $1000 to a doctoral candidate for travel in support of dissertation research in any of Dr. Lawrence's fields of special interest: systematic botany, horticulture, or the history of the plant sciences, including bibliography exploration.

The recipient of the Award is selected from among candidates nominated by their major professors. Nominations are accepted for students from any country and the Award is made strictly on the basis of merit--the recipient's general scholarly promise and the significance of the research proposed.

This year's Award, the first, goes to MICHAEL J. BALICK, a student of Dr. Richard Schultes at Harvard
University, whose dissertation research will be on the biology and systematics of the Jessenia-Oenocarpus complex, species of edible oil palms exploited by Amazonian Indians. Mr. Balick will be using the proceeds of the Award to travel to the Amazon for field work and to Europe for herbarium research.

Each year the Photochemical Section of the Botanical Society of America presents the Ralph E. Alston Award of $100 for the best paper dealing with phytochemistry presented at the annual meeting. The 1979 award is presented to:

JOHN C. LADUKE, Ohio State University, for his paper entitled "The flavonoid chemistry and systematics of Tithonia Desf. (Compositae)."

Each year the Isabel C. Cookson Award is given for the best contributed paper in paleobotany or palynology presented at the annual meetings. The 1979 award was presented to:

WM. A. DIMICHELE, University of Illinois, Urbana, for his paper entitled "Distribution and evolution of Lepidodendron and Lepidophlois in Upper Carboniferous coal swamps. "

The George R. Cooley Award is given annually by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists for the best paper in plant systematics presented at the annual meetings. Because of the many excellent papers presented at the ASPT meetings, the judges voted to cite two honorable mentions as well as the principal award. The two honorable mentions are:

FRED R. GANDERS, University of British Columbia, BRUCE A. BOHM, University of British Columbia, and TIMOTHY PLOWMAN, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, for their paper entitled "Systematics and evolution of the cultivated cocas."

STEVEN R. HILL, Texas A & M University, for his paper entitled "Dispersal and speciation in Malvastrum (Malvaceae). "

The 1979 recipient of the George R. Cooley Award is:

MICHAEL DONOGHUE, Harvard University, for his paper entitled "Growth patterns in Viburnum (Caprifoliaceae) and their taxonomic significance."

Each year the Physiological Section of the Botanical Society of America presents an award for the best student paper dealing with physiology presented at the annual meetings. The 1979 award was presented to:

DAVID D. BIESBOER, Indiana University, for his paper entitled "Production of sterols by callus cultures of Euphorbia tirucalli L."

Each year the Pteridological Section presents an award for the best paper dealing with any aspect of pteridology presented at the annual meetings. The 1979 award was presented to:

CHRISTOPHER H. HAUFLER, University of Kansas, for his paper entitled "Biosystematic study of Bommeria and its significance to the delimitation of suprageneric groups."

Report of the Treasurer, 1979
January 1, 1979 through June 30, 1979

Cash balance from 12/31/78
Savings Accounts:
1978 Plant Sci. Conference
BSA Regular Savings
Cookson Fund
Darbaker Fund
Dimond Fund
Endowment Fund


Interest from Savings Accounts:
1978 Plant Sci. Conference
BSA Regular Savings
Cookson Fund
Darbaker Fund
Dimond Fund
Endowment Fund
Dues Collected:
Publications and Computer List Sales
Career Booklets
Guide to Graduate Study
50 Years of Botany
Computer Mailing Lists
Plant Science Bulletin Subscriptions:
American Institute of Biological Sciences:
a. Insurance Plan Dividend
American Journal of Botany:
a. Payroll Taxes Received
a. Darbaker Estate dividend
b. Endowment Fund contributions
c. Reimbursement of BSA
checking account for China visit
expense from World Savings
Bank, Regular account
d. Transfer to BSA checking
account from World Savings
Bank, Regular account to defray
general expenses
e. University Microfilm Royalties
f. Reimbursement from
Treasurer for 1978 Travel
American Institute of Biological Sciences:
a. Membership dues -- 1979
b. Travel reimbursement for
AAAS meeting
China Visit
a. Advance for expenses
1978 Plant Science Conference:
a. Coffee service¹
1979 Annual Meeting
a. Computer Services
Dues Refunded:
Plant Science Bulletin:
a. Postage
b. Printing
c. Computer Services
d. Misc.
Program Director:
a. Telephone & Postage
b. Secretarial Services
Secretary's Office:
a. Postage
b. Printing Costs
c. Computer Services
d. Secretarial Services
e. Telephone
Treasurer's Office:
a. Postage
b. Secretarial Services
c. Telephone
d. Supplies
e. Treasurer's Bond
Sectional Expenses:
Paleobotanical (1978 allocation)
Tax Bureau:
Miscellaneous Expense
a. Darbaker Dividend
transferred from checking
account to World Savings
Bank, Darbaker Fund
b. 1978 Endowment Fund
contributions transferred
from BSA checking to
World Savings Bank,
Endowment Fund
c. Computer Services
d. Bank service charges
e. Awards (printing &
design expense)
¹To be deducted from 1978 Plant Science Conference Account
Balance from 12/31/79
Dues Collected
Savings Accounts
Interest from Savings Accounts
Publications and Computer List Sales
Plant Science Bulletin Subscriptions
AIBS Insurance Dividend
Tax money received from AJB
Miscellaneous Income
Less Savings and Interest
Less Expenditures
Balance as of June 30, 1979
             $ 52,520.08*
Barbara D. Webster
*$30,000.00 transferred to BSA Regular Savings 1-29-79
$10,000.00 transferred to C.D. World Savings Bank 2-5-79 (6 mo. cert.)
$10,000.00 transferred to C. D. World Savings Bank 3-5-79 (6 mo. cert.)

July 1, 1979 through December 31,1979

Cash balance from June 30, 1979
Savings Accounts
1978 Plant Science
BSA Regular Savings
Cookson Fund
Darbaker Fund
Dimond Fund
Endowment Fund
Interest from Savings Accounts²
1978 Plant Science
BSA Regular Savings
Cookson Fund
Darbaker Fund
Dimond Fund
Endowment Fund
Dues Collections
Publications and Computer List Sales
Plant Science Bulletin Subscriptions
American Journal of Botany
Payroll Taxes Anticipated
National Science Foundation
a. Grant--China Visit
b. Grant--Phytochemistry--
Phylogeny Symposium
Endowment Fund Contributions
Total Anticipated Assets from 7/1/79 to 12/31/79                   
Accountants' Fees
American Institute of Biological Sciences
a. Dues
b. Reimbursement for
Plant Science Bulletin Expenditures
Reimbursement for Officers' Expenses for
Attendance at Annual Meeting
Expenses of Program Director's Office
Expenses of Secretary's Office, Including
Transfer of the Office
Expenses of the Treasurer's Office
Sectional Expenses
Printing Expenditures, including
Dues Notices and Directory
Advance to American Journal of Botany³
Total Anticipated Expenditures from
7/1/79to 12/31/79
Balance from June 30, 1979
Dues Collections
Savings Accounts
Interest from Savings Accounts
Publications and Computer List Sales
Plant Science Bulletin Subscriptions
Payroll Taxes—AJB
Awards and Grants—NSF
Endowment Fund Contributions
Less Savings Accounts and Interest
Less Expenditures
Balance Anticipated

Barbara D. Webster

¹Total represents 1st 6 months savings and interest, plus $50,000 transferred from account and entered as regular savings and CDs, minus $27,000 withdrawn for $25,000 advance on China Visit and $2,000 to checking account.
²Interest rates range from 5 1/4% to 9 5/8%.
³Authorized by Council; amount and decision to request funds at discretion of Business Manager.

Report of the Program Director, 1979

The program presented at Stillwater essentially represents the report of the Program Director. Many have contributed to this program, most importantly the secretaries and/or program chairpersons of the sections. Most helpful and greatly appreciated were the guidelines and information provided by Dr. Shirley Tucker, past Program Director; because of her assistance, many aspects of the overall program were facilitated. The assistance and advice of Dr. Pat Holmgren, Secretary, and Dr. Barbara Webster, Treasurer, are gratefully acknowledged, as are the efforts of Dr. Paul Richardson, our local representative.

It is instructive to analyze this program and compare it with that of the meeting last year at Blacksburg. Although early indications suggested that fewer papers would be submitted, this did not prove to be the case. At Blacksburg, a total of 270 papers were presented, 203 as contributed papers plus 67 in symposia. In the program for 1979, a total of 278 papers were presented with 215 as contributed papers and 63 in symposia. When the joint meetings of the Systematic Section and the ASPT are included, the additional 103 contributed papers plus 15 symposium presentations, raise the total to 396 and the joint meeting of the Phycological Section and the PSA added an additional 90 contributed papers plus 10 symposium presentations. Thus in terms of number of papers, the 1979 meetings were almost twice as large as that of 1978.

Initial exchanges have taken place concerning program development for the joint meeting of the Botanical Society of America with the Canadian Botanical Society next year at Vancouver, British Columbia. The meetings are titled BOTANY-80. Dr. Janet Stein has been appointed as our local representative.
Charles Heimsch


Report of the Editor of the American Journal of Botany, 1979

1. Manuscript status, 1 July 1978-30 June 1979

Manuscripts received: 235 (increase of 60 over prev. yr.)
Accepted: 133
Published or sent to press: 115
Not yet sent to press: 18
Still in editorial process: 77
Rejected: 20
Withdrawn: 5

The average time between submission and publication is 6-8 months. The average time between final acceptance and publication is 3-4 months.

2. The category of Special Papers has been successful, and I would hope that such papers will continue to be published. The response from Corresponding Members has been excellent. I strongly recommend that Sectional representatives of the Editorial Committee assist in generating manuscripts for this type of paper.

3. I would like to express my sincere appreciation to members of the Editorial Committee and to all reviewers during the past four and one-half years. I am impressed with their cooperative spirit and dedication, and their assistance is gratefully acknowledged.

4. Effective with the January 1980 issue, the new Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Botany will be Dr. Knut Norstog of the Fairchild Tropical Garden in Florida.
E. M. Gifford

Report of the Business Manager of the American Journal of Botany, 1979

1. Publication data
Volume 64
Volume 65
Volume 66
Volume 67
1977 (est)
1978 (est)
Pages Published
Cost per page
Copies printed
Cost per copy
2. Receipts
3. Disbursed
4. Net Increase/Decrease


5. Circulation 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978
Bot. Soc. members 4284 3632 3199 3082 2723 2335
Subscriptions 2775 2881 3027 3026 2952 2852
Total 7059 6513 6226 6108 5575 5187

Richard A. Popham

Report of the Education Committee, 1979

The primary activity of the Education Committee for 1978-1979 was to clarify the role of the Committee, which has operated without written directives. The following statement incorporates the views of the present committee.

The Education Committee shall 1) answer all inquiries made to the Botanical Society concerning Botany as a profession; 2) act to promote Botany as a profession by maintenance of a booklet available to the public on career opportunities in Botany. The booklet shall be reviewed periodically by the Committee for possible revision; 3) act as an advisory and policy committee on educational questions referred to it by the Society; 4) undertake for the Society activities of educational interest.

The newly-revised Careers in Botany booklet, edited by Dr. William Stern and a sub-committee of the 1978 Education Committee, is an excellent aid. The Committee encourages members of the Botanical Society to have an office copy available for student consultation and to see that their college or university counseling service is provided with a copy. Individual copies of the careers booklet are available at no cost from the Secretary of the Society; bulk orders are filled at $0.25 per copy.

The Education Committee suggests four topics for its activities with joint sponsorship with the Teaching Section. Possible future programs can include one or more of the following: 1) a panel discussion on The Fine Art of Grant Writing directed to graduate students with panel members representing granting agencies; 2) a symposium on employment opportunities for Botany majors with speakers from government, business, industry and a university career counseling center; 3) a workshop on innovative use of sophisticated slide materials, other visual equipment, etc., by industry representatives; 4) a survey of undergraduate biology programs with a goal of developing models which will ensure adequate representation of botanical subjects.
Shirley Graham

Report of the Conservation Committee, 1979

The Conservation Committee was charged with the task of defining its goals and suggesting future projects. The Committee has defined environmental issues of special concern to botanists:

1. Lack of societal awareness of indigenous plants as worthy of conservation due to a general denigration of botany as a subject (at least in urban areas), historical antagonism to natural vegetation, insufficient appreciation of the role of native plant species (except trees) as natural resources for their storage products or for their pool of genetic diversity, or as indicators of environmental deterioration.

2. Wholesale devastation of the landscape in the pursuit of a single resource or perceived public good, which has led to the loss of other potential resources. How can we make decision-makers aware of the waste of resources?

3. How can we maintain and enhance the integration or appreciation for house and garden plants as objects of beauty and usefulness with general environmental concerns?

4. How can we relate conservation of individual plant taxa with the need to preserve habitats?


5. How may our efforts to preserve habitats be united with efforts to ensure open spaces for hiking, canoeing, photography and other outdoors activities?

6. How can we prevent conflict between recreation needs and conservation/ research/ education needs?

7. How should the Botanical Society make available the expertise of its members in addressing national problems of plant conservation?
The Committee has considered some options in addressing these matters.
     1. Organize a referral service to match the expertise of our members to the needs of government, private companies and citizen's committees.
     2. Serve as a clearing house to receive complaints or recommendations for conservation, evaluate their merit, and pursue those issues we deem of special concern to us.
     3. Issue educational leaflets, reports, or policy statements to the public.
     4. Deal with regional concerns as well as national concerns, by encouraging the formation of regional BSA Conservation Committees.
Andrew M. Greller

Report of the Membership Committee, 1979

1. Summary of membership to 30 June 1979

Regular Members 1,864 2,076 1,912
Student members 629 494 360
Family Members 71 65 63
Life Members 46 27 29
Retired Subscribers 66 27 29
Organizations 1 1 1
Retired Members 121 70 121
PSB Subscriberrs 104 103 84
Corresponding Members 48 50 50
  2,950 3,015 2,677

Membership by Sections

Ecological 506 398 334
Teaching 460 491 457
Historical 83 85 75
Developmental 733 543 675
Microbiological 269 310 295
Paleobotanical 265 266 242
Phycological 191 205 189
Physiological 589 609 556
Phytochemical 240 210 197
Systematic 745 784 709
Structural 532 380 425
Pteridological 166 153 145
Economic Botany 72 - -

2. A major focus of concern was the formulation of a program of awards to undergraduate students who demonstrate excellence in botanical studies. Two hundred and six colleges and universities having plant science, botany or biology departments were contacted and invited to nominate students for the award. Forty-four departments responded, nominating 76 students. Appropriate citations were prepared and sent, with a covering letter, to each awardee. Eighteen of the awardees joined the Society.

Young Botanist Recognition Award--1979

Dept. of Biology
James Madison University
Harrisonburg, VA 22801
Dr. John B. Simeone
Dept. of Env. and Forest Biology
State University of New York
Syracuse, NY 13210

Dr. Robert T. Neher
Natural Science Division
University of La Verne
1950 Third St.
La Verne, CA 91750


Dr. Dale Levering
Dept. of Biology
Northeastern University
360 Huntington Ave.
Boston, MA 02115


Dr. P. B. Cavers
Dept. of Plant Sciences
University of Western Ontario
London, Canada N6A 5B7


Dr. James R. Wick
Dept. of Biological Sciences
Northern Arizona University
Flagstaff, AZ 86001


Dr. Chuck Curtis
Dept. of Plant Science
University of Delaware
Newark, Delaware 19711

JAY GREENSPAN Dr. R. Scott Warren
Dept. of Botany
Connecticut College
New London, CT 06320

Dr. John K. Hampton, Jr.
Biological Sciences Dept.
Calif. Polytechnic State University
San Luis Obispo, CA 93407


Dr. Dorothea J. Widmayer
Dept. of Biological Sciences
Wellesley College
Wellesley, MA 02181

LOUISE C. DZIEKAN Dr. Kathryn M. Eschenberg
Dept. of Biological Sciences
Mount Holyoke College
South Hadley, MA 01075

Dr. Joseph W. McDaniel
Biology Dept.
Norwich University
Northfield, VT 05663


Dr. John L. Vankat
Dept. of Botany
Miami University
Oxford, Ohio 45056


Dr. Thomas S. Moore, Jr.
Dept. of Botany
University of Wyoming
Laramie, WY 82071



Dr. S. Preece
Dept. of Botany
University of Montana
Missoula, MT 59801


Dr. A. W. Hopkins
Dept. of Biology
University of Texas
Arlington, TX 76019


Dr. William D. Ruoff
Div. of Science and Math.
Fairmont State College
Fairmont, WV 26554


Dr. Robert Shields
Dept. of Biology
The City College, CUNY
New York, NY 10031


Dr. Gilbert D. Brum
Botany Section
California State Poly. Univer.
Pomona, CA 91768


Dr. D. J. O'Kane
Dept. of Biology
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19104


Dr. E. M. Gifford
Dept. of Botany
University of California
Davis, CA 95616


Dr. Lance S. Evans
Plant Morphogenesis Lab.
Manhattan College
Bronx, NY 10471


Dr. Lyle F. Chichester
Dept. of Biol. Sciences
Central Conn. State College
New Britain, CT 06050


Dr. J. E. Gunckel &
Dr. J. A. Quinn
Dept. of Botany
Rutgers State University
Piscataway, NJ 08854


Dr. Stephen W. Fuller
Dept. of Biology
Mary Washington College
Fredericksburg, VA 22401


Dr. Thomas C. Moore
Dept. of Botany and Plant Path.
Oregon State University
Corvallis, OR 97331


Dr. Charles E. Miller
Dept. of Botany
Ohio University
Athens, OH 45701


Dr. W. Y. Watson
Dept. of Biology
Wilfrid Laurier University
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada


Dr. Bruce N. Smith
Dept. of Botany and Range Science
Brigham Young University
Provo, UT 84602


Dr. Robert G. Hart
Dept. of Biology
Slippery Rock State College
Slippery Rock, PA 16057


Dr. John W. McClymont
Biology Dept.
Southern Conn. State College
New Haven, CT 06515

ANNE ELIZABETH ANNALA Dr. George T. Dimopoullos
Dept. of Biological Sciences
Wright State University
Dayton, OH 45435
Dr. Ron Nitsos
Dept. of Biology
Southern Oregon State University
Ashland, OR 97520
Dept. of Biology
University of California
Riverside, CA 92521
LEAH A. CARLETON Sister Ann Infanger
Biology Dept.
Setan Hill College
Greensburg, PA 15601

Dr. Peter K. Nelson
Dept. of Biology
Brooklyn College
Brooklyn, NY 11210


Dr. Averett S. Tombes
Dept. of Biology
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030

MICHAEL A. GRUSZAK Dr. Robert M. Chute
Dept. of Biology
Bates College
Lewiston, ME 04240
TERESA C. MINTER Dr. Kenneth Perrin
Natural Science Division
Pepperdine University
Malibu, CA 90265
Dept. of Biochemistry
University of California
Riverside, CA 92521
HELEN TRIVETT Dr. Elizabeth J. Moore
Life Science Dept.
Glassboro State College
Glassboro, NJ 08028

Dr. Robert H. Mohlenbrock
Dept. of Botany
Southern Illinois University
Carbondale, IL 62901


Dr. Ernest Uribe
Dept. of Botany
Washington State University
Pullman, WA 99164


Dr. Richard Klein
Dept. of Botany University of Vermont
Burlington, VT 05401

The Young Botanists Recognition Award Program will be continued in 1980. Members and departments are urged to provide the Treasurer, Dr. Barbara Webster, with the names of seniors who have distinguished themselves in botanical studies. Each nominee's name should be accompanied by a


brief nomination citation. The deadline for receipt of nominations is 15 February 1980, and letters and certificates will be sent by 1 April 1980. The membership committee notes that the publicity given awardees on their own campuses reinforces the image of botany.

3. The membership committee contacted all persons nominated to serve on Society committees who were not members of the Society. Most of these individuals noted that their membership had inadvertently lapsed and they promptly rejoined.

4. Dues notice
The September and October issues of the American Journal of Botany will contain the notice of dues for 1980. Members are urged to attend to this simple matter of renewing membership to ease the burden on the already overworked computer (and treasurer).
Barbara Webster, Ray Evert, John Romberger


The 1980 National Tropical Short Course of the Foliage Education and Research Foundation will be held in Orlando, FL at the Sheraton Twin Towers. Information can be obtained from Jean Pate, Program Coordinator, Foliage Education and Research Foundation, Inc., 32 E. Third St., Apopka, FL 32703.

The Thirteenth International Botanical Congress will be held 21-28 August 1981 in Sydney, Australia. The first circular which provides general information on accommodations, meals, travel and the scientific program is currently available. It may be obtained from the Secretary of the Botanical Society, Dr. Patricia Holmgren, by sending her a #10 envelope with your name and address and bearing adequate postage. Correspondence may also be initiated directly with the Executive Secretary of the Congress, Dr. W. J. Cram, 13th International Botanical Congress, University of Sydney, N.S.W. 2006, Sydney, Australia.

The First World Congress of Folk Medicine is being organized by the Peruvian Association of Medical Ethnology 1and History of Medicine. The Congress will be held in Lima, Iquitos and Cuzco from 27 October to 2 November 1979. Contact: General Secretariat, World Congress of Folk Medicine, P.O. Box 5231, Lima 18, Peru.

The VIIth Conference of the Asian Pacific Weed Science Society will be held 26-30 November in Sydney, Australia. Contact The Secretary, P.O. Box 287, Haymarket, NSW 2001, Australia.

The Second Institutional Symposium on post-harvest physiology of cut flowers will be held in Davis, CA in August 1980. Contact Prof. A. M. Kofranek, Dept. Environmental Horticulture, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

An International Symposium on Isotope and Radiation Techniques in Studies of Soils will be held in Vienna, Austria on 21-25 April 1980. Contact John H. Kane, International 'Technical Information Office, Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20545.

The VIth International Histo- and Cytochemical Congress will be held in Brighton, England on 17-22 August 1980. Contact Secretariat, Royal Microscopical Society, 37.38 St. Clements, Oxford OX4 lAJ, United Kingdom.

A conference on the Origin and Evolution of Eukaryotic Intracellular Organelles will be held in New York on 22-24 January 1980 under the sponsorship of the New York Academy of Sciences with Drs. J. F. Fredrick and R. M. Klein as co-chairpersons. Contact Conference Department, New York Academy of Sciences, 2 E. 63rd St., New York, NY 10021.

The VIth International Symposium on Recent Advances in Cyrophysiology of Higher Plant Reproduction will be held at the University of Lublin, Poland to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the University. The Symposium will be held 5-8 June 1980. Contact Prof. B. Rodkiewicz, Instytut Biologii, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland.


A PLANT SYSTEMATICIST is being sought by the Department of Plant Science, Macdonald College, McGill University for a tenure-stream position. Teaching duties will include undergraduate courses in Plant Systematics, Morphology and General Biology of Organisms (plant oriented), and a graduate course in Advanced Systematic Botany or other as developed by the appointee. The appointee will also hold the position of Curator of the McGill Herbarium with approximately 100,000 specimens. Appointment will be made at the Assistant Professor level. Applicants must have a Ph.D. or expect to receive it shortly in plant science with a major in plant systematics/botany. A complete curriculum vitae, a short statement of research interest and names of three referees should be sent to Prof. W. F. Grant, Chairman, Selection Committee, Department of Plant Science, Macdonald Cam- pus, McGill University, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, H9X lC0, Canada. Closing date for application, 1 November 1979 or later if position not filled.

THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION has announced programs of higher education and research training for 1980-1981. The biological sciences include fellowships in the systematics of fossil plants, radiation biology, plant physiology, tropical biology, ecology and field biology. Awards are based on merit and are open to qualified individuals without reference to color, race, religion, sex or national origin. Information and application forms can be obtained from The Office of Fellowships and Grants, Smithsonian Institution, 3300 L'Enfant Plaza, Washington, DC 20560. Applicants should indicate the area of research and give the dates of degrees received or expected. Applications are due 15 January 1980.

FOREIGN CURRENCY GRANTS PROGRAM OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION offers opportunities for research support in Burma, Guinea, India and Pakistan in systematic and environmental biology. For information write to the Foreign Currency Program, Office of Fellowships and Grants, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560.

THE CENTER FOR WOMAN SCHOLARS, funded by the Woman's Educational Act, U.S. Office of Education of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare is designed to promote educational equity for women in the U.S. As part of this national goal, the Center was awarded a grant to develop a center for woman scholars. The Center is offering a prize of $500 for the best article of not more than 5000 words on solutions to the problems of the woman scholar. Information and submissions should be addressed to Dr. Monika Kehoe, Editor, Center for Woman Scholars, AMERICAS Behavioral Research Corporation, 300 Broadway, Suite 23, San Francisco, CA 94133.


THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES is administrating a program to sponsor 15 Summer Research Internships which match interested high-school students with science-related, eight-week positions in local hospitals, medical and technical laboratories and research facilities. Funding came from International Paper Co. and several private donors. Information can be obtained from Sidney Borowitz, Executive Director, New York Academy of Sciences, 2 E. 63rd St., New York, NY 10021.


DR. OLLE BJÖRKMAN of the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Department of Plant Biology at Stanford, CA has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences for his studies on plant stress photosynthesis.

DR. H. W. VOGELMANN of the Department of Botany, University of Vermont received one of the American Motors Corp. 1979 Conservation Awards.

DR. HAYDEN N. PRITCHARD, Associate Professor of Biology at Lehigh University was the recipient of the Bernard A. Briody, Jr. award for outstanding teaching.


The Nomenclature Secretariat of the International Mycology Association appoints subcommittees of interested persons to examine the problems in the application of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature to fungi (including lichens). A proposal has been made that the 'Nomenclature of fossil fungi' is urgently in need of review. The Secretariat is prepared to create a subcommittee to this effect and requests all persons active in, or interested in, the fossil fungi to notify the Chairman of their willingness to serve on the subcommittee. Contact Dr. K. T. van Warmelo, Chairman, Nomenclature Secretariat, Rand Afrikaans University, P.O. Box 524, Johannesburg, 2000, South Africa.

Charles Christian Amankwah of the Government Health centre, P.O. Box 24, Tuaso--A.A.; GHANA is attempting to obtain textbooks in all areas of biology for use by students.

A Centre for Canadian Historical Horticultural Studies has been established at the Royal Botanical Gardens in Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3H8, Canada through the sponsorship of the Dunington Grubb Foundation. Information on persons who have made contributions to horticulture in Canada should contact the Director of the Gardens, Mr. L. Laking.

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