Plant Science Bulletin archive

Issue: 1979 v25 No 4 WinterActions


A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.


Richard M. Klein, Editor, Department of Botany, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405
Editorial Board
Jerry D. Davis - University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, WI
Peter Heywood - Brown University, Providence, RI
Anitra Thorhaug - Florida International University, Key Biscayne, FL
Richard P. Wunderlin - University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

Change of Address. Notify the Treasurer of the Botanical Society of America. Inc., Dr. Barbara D. Webster, Department of Agronomy & Range Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

Subscriptions for libraries and for persons not members of the Society can be obtained for $10.00 per year. Orders plus checks payable to "Botanical Society of America. Inc." should be sent directly to the Treasurer of the Society.

Manuscripts for the Plant Science Bulletin should be submitted to the editor. The Bulletin welcomes announcements, notes, notices and items of general interest to members of the Botanical Society and to the botanical community at large. No charge for inclusion of notices is made. Material submitted must be typed, double-spaced and in duplicate. Copy should follow the style of recent issues of the Bulletin.

Microfilms of the Plant Science Bulletin are available from University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.

The Plant Science Bulletin is published quarterly at the University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405. Second class postage paid at Burlington, VT.

The Discovery of Tylose Formation by a Viennese Lady in 1845
Information for Contributors American Journal of Botany
Format of the Plant Science Bulletin


The Discovery of Tylose Formation by a Viennese Lady in 1845
M. H. Zimmerman, Harvard Forest

Petersham, Massachusetts 01366 USA

This fascinating detective story began a few years ago when I was working on a chapter entitled "Dysfunction in the flow of food" for a five-volume treatise on plant pathology (Zimmerman and McDonough, 1978). Tyloses, occasionally regarded as causing interruption of water flow in the xylem, are more likely the result of cessation of water conduction (Klein, 1923). During a search for older literature on tyloses I came across the paper of Wieler (1888), and found in the same volume an article by Praë1 (1888). The latter contained a very peculiar paragraph. Freely translated, it reads as follows:

"Tyloses formation has been explained by an anonymous paper in 1845. His (correctly her) observations indicated that tyloses were outgrowths, through the pits, of neighboring wood parenchyma cells. This was generally accepted until it was questioned by Böhm who maintained that 'those peculiar structures are the result of accumulation of cytoplasm between the lamellae of the vessel wall, whose innermost layer grows into a tylosis.' However, Reess (1868) and Unger (1867) defended the earlier view successfully."

The German grammar (here translated by "his" or "her") implies that the author was a lady. I immediately went to the library of the Harvard University Herbaria to look up Volume 3 of the "Botanische Zeitung" where, indeed, I found an anonymous paper, published in two parts in two successive issues. Interestingly, the word "von einem Ungenannten" (by an anonymous author) implies a male author. My fascination increased as I read the text: here was such a comprehensive description of tyloses, based on such careful observations that many later papers seemed redundant. Who was the author of this? After a long search I finally came across the answer in the "Physiological Plant Anatomy" of Haberlandt (1914) who begins his section on tyloses, "These intrusive vesicles, the development of which was first studied and explained by Hermine von Reichenbach, are known as tyloses." In the bibliography Haberlandt cites the paper under the name Reichenbach, followed by the words "published anonymously." So, the name was found, but two questions remained, (1) who was Hermine von Reichenbach, and (2) why did she publish anonymously?

Anyone interested in the history of botany will consult Julius Sachs (1875, 1890). But Sachs, it turned out, does not mention her. So, I went to the stacks of the Harvard University Herbarium Library, settled down in the history section and went through all likely books. There was a Heinrich Gottlieb Ludwig Reichenbach (1793-1879), Professor in Dresden, who published a "Conspectus regni vegetabilis" in 1828 (Möbius, 1937). There was also a father and son, Gustav Reichenbach who published on phanerogams in 1820 (Jessen, 1864). I originally suspected that Hermine might be the daughter of one of these botanists. But then, finally, I discovered her real identity in Winckler (1854) who mentions "Hermine, Baroness von Reichenbach of Vienna" who had published, also anonymously, on laticifers (Reichenbach, 1846). The story had taken a new twist: maybe her papers were published anonymously not because, as a woman, the author was not permitted to publish, but because as a baroness she might not have wanted to use her name. At this point, the sources of the Harvard University Herbarium Library were obviously exhausted and to make further progress, the search had to be continued in Vienna. Fortunately, I have good friends in Vienna who could continue the search. A few additional facts were thus discovered, but unfortunately it has not yet been possible to locate a picture of this remarkable pioneer. A more complete story, including the summary of her tylosis paper and a reproduction of her drawings is being published in the Bulletin of the International Association of Wood Anatomists. Readers who do not have access to this publication may write to this author for reprints which will be sent out upon request when available.


Haberlandt, G. 1914. Physiological Plant Anatomy. (Translated from the 4th German edition by M. Drummond). MacMillan & Co., London.

Jessen, K. F. W. 1864. Botanik der Gegenwart und Vorzeit. Brockhaus, Leipzig.

Klein, G. 1923. Zur Aetiologie der Thyllen. Z. Botanik 15:418-439.

Möbius, M. 1937. Geschichte der Botanik von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Fischer, Jena.

Praël, E. 1888. Vergleichende Untersuchungen über Schutzund Kernholz der Laubbäume. Jb. wiss. Botanik 19:1-81.

von Reichenbach, H. (Anonymous). 1845. Untersuchungen über die zellenartigen Ausfullungen der Gefäisse. Bot. Z. 3:225-231, 241-253.

__________ (Anonymous). 1846. Die Milchsaftgefässe, ihr Ursprung und ihre Entwicklung. Bot. Z. 4:833-843, 849-859, 856-872.

Sachs, J. 1875. Geschichte der Botanik. Oldenbourg, Munich.

__________ 1890. History of Botany. (English translation by H. E. F. Garnsey, revised by I. B. Balfour) Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Wieler, A. 1888. Ueber den Antheil des secundären Holzes der dicotyledonen Gewächse an der Saftleitung und uber die Bedeutung der Anastomosen für die Wasserversorgung der transpirirenden Flächen. Jb. wiss. Botanik 19: 82-137.

Winckler, E. 1854. Geschichte der Botanik. Literarische Anstalt (J. Rütten) Frankfurt.

Zimmerman, M. H. and McDonough, J. 1978. Dysfunction in the flow of food. In: Plant Disease. An Advanced Treatise. Vol. 3, pp. 117-140. J. G. Horsfall & E. B. Cowling (eds.). Academic Press, New York.

Information for Contributors American Journal of Botany

Beginning with the January issue of Volume 67 (1980) the trim size of AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY will be 6 7/8" x 10" and the full-plate size will be 5 3/4" x 8 1/2". These changes were approved by the Editorial Committee and by the Council at the Stillwater meeting (August 1979). Considerable monetary savings will result from these changes.

Contributors to AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY should submit illustrative materials that conform to the new plate size or are in proper proportions for reduction to 5 3/4" x 8 1/2".

If you have already prepared the originals of illustrations for publication, just recalculate magnifications to reflect the slight reduction in final plate size.
Present width of plate: 6 1/8"

New width: 5 3/4"


Authors should submit two (2) complete copies (original and one copy, or two photostatic copies) of the manuscript for review purposes. Photostatic copies (or some other type of reproduction) of line drawings are satisfactory for initial review. However, good photographic copies of halftones should be submitted for review purposes. It is not necessary to mount the halftones. If mounted, they should be affixed to ordinary typing paper, not heavy cardboard. Authors should retain the originals of all illustrative materials until notified that the paper has been accepted for publication.

For a complete set of instructions on preparation of manuscripts and illustrations, send request to Editorial Office: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY, Department of Botany, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

Format of the Plant Science Bulletin

By vote of the Council and the membership of the Society at the August 1979 meeting of the Botanical Society, the Plant Science Bulletin will be published as a photo-offset periodical directly from typed copy. A maximum of six issues per volume with no more than eight pages per issue will be published. It is expected that the first issue of Volume 26 will be prepared for February 1980 mailing. Comments, suggestions and--more importantly--news, notes and feature articles are welcomed.


The individuals listed as chairman serve in that office for 1979. In parentheses following each name is the date of expiration of that individual's appointment to the committee.

Committee on Corresponding Members
William A. Jensen (1981), Chair.
Warren H. Wagner, Jr. (1980)
Barbara F. Palser (1979)

Merit Awards Committee
Frank B. Salisbury (1979), Chair.
Harold C. Bold (1980)
L. G. Kavaljian (1981)

Darbaker Prize Committee
Karl R. Mattox (1979), Chair.
Alfred R. Loeblich III (1980)
Patricia L. Walne (1981)

New York Botanical Garden Award Committee
Taylor A. Steeves (1979), Chair.
W. Dwight Billings (1979)
Theodore Delevoryas (1980)
Roger del Morel (1980)

Jeanette Siron Pelton A ward Committee
no award will be presented in 1979

Election Committee
Loran C. Anderson (1979), Chair.
Deana T. Klein (1980)
Michael J. Wynne (1981)
Watson M. Laetsch (1982)

Education Committee
Shirley Graham (1979), Chair.
William L. Stern (1979)
William J. Koch (1980)
Richard A. White (1980)
Franklin F. Flint (1981)
Jean H. Langeheim (1981)

Browning Award Committee<
Robert Bandurski (1979), Chair.
J. W. de Wet (1979)

Conservation Committee Andrew M. Greller (1979), Chair.
Charles Lamoureux (1979)
John H. Beaman (1980)
Anitra Thorhaug (1980)
David L. Dilcher (1981)
Robert F. Thorne (1981)

Membership Committee
Barbara D. Webster, Chair.
Ray F. Evert
John A. Romberger

Committee for Scientific Liaison with the People's Republic of China
Peter H. Raven (1979), Chair.
Edward S. Ayensu (1979)
Thomas S. Elias (1979)
Arthur W. Galston (1979)
John B. Hanson (1979)
Richard M. Klein (1979)
Anitra Thorhaug (1979)

Committee to Initiate Formation of an Economic Botany Section
John H. Beaman (1979), Chair.
Charles B. Heiser, Jr. (1979)
Susan E. Verhoek Williams (1979)

Charter Flight Committee
Joseph Arditti (1981), Chair.

Committee to Select a New Editor for American Journal of Botany
Ernest Gifford (1979), Chair.
Theodore Delevoryas (1979)
Barbara Palser (1979)
Richard Popham (1979)

Committee to Examine Plant Science Bulletin
Alan R. Orr (1979), Chair.
David L. Dilcher (1979)
Patrick L. Healey (1979)
Diana B. Stein (1979)
Dieter H. Wilken (1979)

Representatives to various organizations

Howard S. Irwin (1980)

AIBS Governing Board
William A. Jensen (1980)

Biological Stain Commission
William A. Jensen (1979)

Corresponding Society of Assembly of Life Sciences
Patricia K. Holmgren (1979)


*Charles B. Heiser (1980)
Department of Biology
Indiana University
Bloomington, Indiana 47401

* Persons so marked are members of the Council.


*Patricia K. Holmgren (1980)
New York Botanical Garden
Bronx, New York 10458

*Carol C. Baskin (1980-1984)
School of Biological Sciences
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky 40506</pr>

*Barbara D. Webster (1977-1981)
Department of Agronomy and Range Science
University of California
Davis, California 95616

*Charles Heimsch (1979-1981)
Department of Botany
Miami University
Oxford, Ohio 45056

A. Carl Leopold (1978-1980)
Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research
Bradfield Hall, Cornell University
Ithaca, New York 14853

Nels R. Lersten (1979-1981)
Department of Botany and Plant Pathology
Iowa State University
Ames, Iowa 50011

Grady L. Webster (1980-1982)
Department of Botany
University of California
Davis, California 95616

*Knut J. Norstog
Fairchild Tropical Garden
10901 Old Cutler Road
Miami, Florida 33156

*Richard M. Klein (1976-1980)
Department of Botany
University of Vermont
Burlington, Vermont 05405

*Richard A. Popham (1973-1982)
Department of Botany
Ohio State University
1735 Neil Avenue
Columbus, Ohio 43210


*Herbert G. Baker
Department of Botany
University of California
Berkeley, California 94720

*William A. Jensen
Department of Botany
University of California
Berkeley, California 94720

*Warren H. Wagner, Jr.
Department of Botany
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

Chairperson (1978-1980):

* Judith G. Croxdale
Department of Biology
Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State Univ.
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061

Vice-Chairperson (1979-1981):
Philip V. Ammirato
Department of Biology
Barnard College, Columbia University
New York, New York 10027

Secretary (1979-1980):
Dan B. Walker
Department of Biology
University of California
Los Angeles, California 90024

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1980-1982):
James D. Mauseth
Department of Botany
University of Texas
Austin, Texas 78712

Chairman (1980):

* Jerry M. Baskin
School of Biological Sciences
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky 40506

Vice-Chairman (1980):
Warren G. Abrahamson
Department of Biology
Bucknell University
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania 17837

Secretary (1980-1982):
Rebecca R. Sharitz
Savannah River Ecology Laboratory
Drawer E
Aiken, South Carolina 29801


Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1980-1982):
James A. Quinn
Botany Department
Rutgers University
Piscataway, New Jersey 08854

Chairman (1980-1981):

*John H. Beaman
Division of Environmental Biology
National Science Foundation
Washington, DC 20550

Secretary (1980-1982):
W. Hardy Eshbaugh
Department of Botany
Miami University
Oxford, Ohio 45056

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1980-1982):
Anitra Thorhaug
Department of Biological Sciences
Florida International University
Miami, Florida 33199

Chairman (1979-1980):

Emanuel D. Rudolph
Department of Botany
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio 43210

Vice-Chairman (1979-1980):
David H. Rembert, Jr.
Biology Department
University of South Carolina
Columbia, South Carolina 29208

Secretary-Treasurer (1980-1982):
*Robert W. Kiger
Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation
Carnegie-Mellon University
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1973-1981):
Emanuel D. Rudolph
Department of Botany
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio 43210

Chairman (1980):

Henry C. Aldrich
Department of Microbiology and Cell Science
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida 32611

Vice-Chairman (1980):
*W. M. Hess
Department of Botany and Range Science
Brigham Young University
Provo, Utah 84602

Secretary (1980-1982):
Meredith Blackwell
Department of Biology
Hope College
Holland, Michigan 49423

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1980-1982):
Henry C. Aldrich
Department of Microbiology and Cell Science
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida 32611

Chairman (1980):
William L. Crepet
Biological Sciences Group, U-42
University of Connecticut
Storrs, Connecticut 06268

Secretary-Treasurer (1978-1980):
*Charles N. Miller, Jr.
Botany Department
University of Montana
Missoula, Montana 59812

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1980-1981):
Patricia G. Gensel
Department of Botany, Coker 101A
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514

Chairman (1980-1982):
*Robert W. Hoshaw
Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona 85721

Secretary (1978-1980):
Russell L. Chapman
Department of Botany
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1980-1982):
Paul J. Biebel
Department of Biology
Dickinson College
Carlisle, Pennsylvania 17013

Chairperson (1980-1982):

*Anitra Thorhaug
Department of Biological Sciences
Florida International University
Miami, Florida 33199

Vice-Chairperson (1980-1982):
Dilbagh Singh
Division of Natural Sciences
Blackburn College
Carlinville, Illinois 62626

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1980-1982):
John L. Gallagher
School of Life and Health Sciences
University of Delaware
Newark, Delaware 19711

Chairperson (1980):
*Daniel J. Crawford
Department of Botany
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio 43210

Chairperson-elect (1980):
Eloy Rodriguez
Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

University of California
Irvine, California 92717

Secretary (1980-1982):
Ray E. Umber
Department of Botany
University of Wyoming
Laramie, Wyoming 83071

Treasurer (1978-1980):
David A. Young
Department of Botany
University of Illinois
Urbana, Illinois 61801

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1979-1980):
David A. Young
Department of Botany
University of Illinois
Urbana, Illinois 61801


Chairman (1979-1980):

Gerald J. Gastony
Department of Biology
Indiana University
Bloomington, Indiana 47401

Secretary-Treasurer (1978-1980):
*James D. Caponetti
Department of Botany
University of Tennessee
Knoxville, Tennessee 37916

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1979-1980):
Patricia G. Gensel
Department of Botany
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514

Chairperson (1980):
Nancy G. Dengler
Department of Botany
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S lA1

Vice-Chairperson (1980):
Shirley C. Tucker
Department of Botany
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803

Secretary-Treasurer (1978-1980):
*Rudolph Schmid
Department of Botany
University of California
Berkeley, California 94720

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1978-1980):
Nels R. Lersten
Department of Botany and Plant Pathology
Iowa State University
Ames, Iowa 50011

Chairman (1979-1980):
*Loran C. Anderson
Department of Biological Sciences
Florida State University
Tallahassee, Florida 32306

Secretary (1980-1982):
Fred R. Ganders
Department of Botany
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T lW5

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1979-1981):
David E. Giannasi
Department of Botany
University of Georgia
Athens, Georgia 30602

Chairman (1980):

Barrett N. Rock
Department of Biology
Alfred University
Alfred, New York 14802

Vice-Chairman and Program Coordinator (1980):
W. M. Hess
Department of Botany and Range Science
Brigham Young University
Provo, Utah 84602

Secretary (1979-1981):
*Larry R. Yoder
Ohio State University
Marion, Ohio 43302

Representative to AJB Editorial Board (1976-1980):
S. N. Postlethwait
Department of Biological Sciences
Purdue University
West Lafayette, Indiana 47907

Chairman (1980):

Stanwyn G. Shelter
Department of Botany
Smithsonian Institution
Washington, DC 20560

Secretary-Treasurer (1979-1981):
* Alfred E. Schuyler
Department of Botany
Academy of Natural Sciences
19th and the Parkway
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103

Chairperson (1980):

Richard J. Naskali
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Idaho
Moscow, Idaho 83843

Vice-Chairperson (1980):
Norma J. Lang
Department of Botany
University of California
Davis, California 95616

Secretary-Treasurer (1977-1982):
*David Bilderback
Department of Botany
University of Montana
Missoula, Montana 59812

Chairman (1980-1982):

*Robert R. Haynes
Department of Biology
University of Alabama
University, Alabama 35486

Secretary-Treasurer (1978-1980):
Michael J. Baranski
Department of Biology
Catawba College
Salisbury, North Carolina 28144

Chairman of Activities Committee (1979-1981):
James W. Wallace
Department of Biology
Western Carolina University
Cullowhee, North Carolina 28723


THE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL POST-DOCTORAL RESEARCH PROGRAM 1980 will include life sciences and environmental sciences. Awards are made on a competitive basis with a stipend of $18,000. Deadline is 15 January 1980. Information and application materials can be obtained from the Associateship Office, JD 608-D3, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20418.


AN ASSISTANT /ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR POSITION IN PLANT GENETICS is open at the University of Florida. Applicants with experience in biochemical/molecular /somatic cell genetics are especially encouraged to apply. The appointee will establish research, teach plant genetics at the advanced undergraduate/graduate level, and participate in general education biology courses. Application, statement of research interests and three letters of recommendation should be sent before 31 January 1980 to Dr. I. K. Vasil, Dept. Botany, Univ. Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611.

TWO TENURE-TRACK ASSISTANT PROFESSORSHIPS IN PLANT BIOLOGY are open at the University of South Carolina with preference given to candidates in vascular plant ecology and experimental plant systematics. Funds for initiation of research are provided, but appointees are expected to obtain grant support. Applications must include a curriculum vita, copies of research publications, description of proposed research and letters of recommendation sent to Dr. Anthony Huang, Dept. Biology, Univ. South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208.

GRADUATE TEACHING ASSISTANTSHIPS IN BOTANY will be offered to students desiring to pursue the MS degree. Contact Dr. E. L. Schneider, Dept. Biology, Southwest Texas State Univ., San Marcos, TX 78666.

AN ASSISTANT PROFESSORSHIP IN PLANT BIOLOGY is open at Barnard College. A Ph.D. with teaching experience and active research is required; desirable areas include plant cell biology, ecology, morphology and systematics. Send resume to Dr. Patricia L. Dudley, Chairman, Dept. Biological Sciences, Barnard College, 606 W. 120th St., New York, NY 10027.

POSTGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS are available in the various professional activities of the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation of Carnegie-Mellon University. Closing date is 1 April 1980. Contact Dr. Robert Kiger, Director, Hunt Institute, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.

AWARDS TO SUPPORT STUDIES IN NATURAL HISTORY are available from the Academy of Natural Science in Philadelphia through the Jessup and McHenry Funds. Awards may include a stipend and support for travel to and from the Academy. Application deadline is 1 April 1980. Contact Chairman, Jessup-McHenry Award Committee, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 19th and the Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103.

A BOTANIST SPECIALIZING IN NON-VASCULAR PLANTS is being sought by the University of Texas. Duties involve teaching general botany, non-vascular plants and general biology at the undergraduate level as well as phycology at the graduate level, plus directing master's level research and establishing an active research program. The Ph.D. is required. Letter of application, complete CV, transcripts, reprints and three letters of reference should be sent to Louis H. Bragg, Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019.

A BOTANIST is being sought to fill a tenure-track position at the assistant professor level at the University of North Dakota. Appointment will begin 16 August 1980 with a salary range from $14,000 to $15,500. Responsibilities include teaching an undergraduate vascular plant systematics course, development of undergraduate and graduate courses in the area of expertise, herbarium curatorial duties and development of research/graduate programs. The Ph.D. is required; application deadline is 25 February 1980. Send CV, three letters of reference, official transcripts and reprints to Dr. Syed M. Jalal, Department of Biology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202.


Dr. T. D. JACOBSEN, formerly at the Marion Ownbey Herbarium of Washington State University, is now Assistant to the Director and Research Scientist at the Hunt Institute.

DR. CHARLES J. ARNTZEN, Department of Botany, University of Illinois received the Charles Albert Shull Award of the American Society of Plant Physiologists. Other awards were received by DR. SAMUEL G. WILDMAN (Charles Reid Barnes Life Membership) and DR. DAVID A. WALKER (Corresponding Member status).

DRS. NEAL F. JENSEN (Cornell Univ.), DONALD F. KAPRAUN (Univ. North Carolina), and WILLIAM W. THOMSON (Univ. California, Riverside) were Fulbright Scholars during 1979-1980.


The Bibliography of American Pteridology-1978 was mailed to section members in the summer of 1978. Christopher H. Haufler prepared this issue and will prepare the bibliography for 1979. A symposium, "The Importance of Flavonoids and Related Compounds in Fern Taxonomy and Ecology" was held at the Stillwater meetings and the pre-meeting fern foray to the Boston Mountains and Ozark Plateau resulted in seeing 35 species including several at their southwestern-most stations.

The following officers were elected at the 1979 meeting: Anitra Thorhaug (Chairperson, 1980-1982); Dilbagh Singh (Vice-Chairperson, 1980-1982); Jack Gallagher (Editorial Board); Ed Liu (Newsletter Editor).

The annual business meeting-mixer was held at a local restaurant in Stillwater. A directory of members of the section will be prepared by Philip Ammirato for distribution to members. Mary Clutter, Program Director in Developmental Biology of the National Science Foundation, discussed the success of botany proposals (ca. 55070 of proposals funded last year were on plant topics), funds available to NSF, etc. About 80 members attended the business meeting. The business-mixer concept will be continued next year.

Membership increased by 3% over last year. The symposium topic, "Plant Reproduction in the Fossil Record" held in 1976 was published in the March issue of Review of Paleobotany and Palynology. The 1978 symposium, "Biostratigraphy of Fossil Plants: Successional and Paleocological Analysis" is still in press. The 1977 and 1978 Bibliography of American Paleobotany have been published and distributed. The Section will, in addition to preparing the 1979 bibliography, include an extra publication on "North American Paleobotanical Dissertations 1857-1977."

There were 14 contributed papers, two demonstrations, two symposia and a luncheon business meeting of the section at the Stillwater meeting. The Section intends to continue its regular activities as well as to consider matters of current concern to botany instructors.

STRUCTURAL SECTION As of 1 July 1979, there are about 250 members of the section. Financially, the section is in good shape through dues collections.


The Section sponsored or co-sponsored 83 contributed papers in 8 meetings and had a symposium on "Leaf Structure and Function."

The Section held a symposium, "Phytochemistry and Angiosperm Phylogeny" and sponsored contributed paper sessions at the Stillwater meeting as well as co-sponsoring with the Pteridological Section a symposium on "The Importance of Flavonoids and Related Compounds in Fern Taxonomy and Ecology. "

The phycological activities at the Stillwater meetings were held in conjunction with the Phycological Society of America and included contributed paper sessions and two symposia.

The lecture by Dr. W. G. Voss has been published in expanded form as "Botanical Beachcombers and Explorers: Pioneers of the 19th Century in the Upper Great Lakes" in volume 13 of the Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium and is available from the Herbarium for $4.00. The special lecture given at the 1979 meetings was by Dr. Kenneth L. Jones of Michigan who spoke on "The Study of Lives of Scientists as a Bridge between Science and the Humanities."


The new Directory of the Society (replacing the Yearbook) lists the names, addresses and research specializations of current members. Published in September 1979, copies are available at $8.00 from the Secretary of the Society.

The Guide to Graduate Study in Botany for the United States and Canada, 1977 is still available from the Secretary of the Society for $4.00.

Abstracts of papers presented at the Stillwater meeting of August 1979 may be obtained from the secretary for $3.00.

Huntia, the journal of the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, has been revived after a lapse of some dozen years. Each annual volume will comprise two to four numbers totaling about 300 pages. Original scholarly manuscripts in all areas of botanical history including bibliography, biography, iconography, art and illustration are invited.

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, in cooperation with the National Library of Australia, has published Plant Taxonomic Literature in Australian Libraries compiled by Dr. Nancy T. Burbidge. It is available from ISBS, Inc., Forest Grove, OR 97116.

Norman Hall has published Botanists of the Eucalypts, short biographies of Eucalyptus taxonomists. It is also available from ISBS.

F. A. Sharr has published a glossary of Western Australian Plant Names and Their Meanings through the University of Western Australia Press.

The fifth International Symposium of Tropical Ecology was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 16-21 April 1979 by the International Society of Tropical Ecology. The meeting, attended by over 500 natural and social scientists, had the theme Ecology and Development which was illuminated by sessions on Lowland Resources, Population Dynamics of Rainforest Trees, Wildlife and Park Resources, Montaine Resources, Agro-ecosystems, Urban and Industrial Ecosystems, Freshwater Swamp and Lake Resources, Rice Field Ecosystems and Strategies for Ecodevelopment. A great number of scientists from China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam presented a series of fine papers. Post-Symposium tours included trips to Taman Negara, the Bako National Park in Sarawak, the Kinabalu National Park in Sabah and Palau Redang. Dr. Anitra Thorhaug, one of the participants, notes that the symposium will be available from Professor J.I.D.R. Furtado, c/o Dept. of Zoology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Previous proceedings from meetings 1 through 4 are also available. The International Society of Tropical Ecology's newsletter, called Wallaceana, can be obtained from Prof. Furtado. The next meeting will be in India in 1980.

The Latin American Study Center, International Programs of Michigan State University has published monograph 17 entitled "Plant Collectors of Northern Mexico" by Dr. Irving W. Knobloch. The monograph is available from the study center for $3.00.

The Award Committee of the George H. M. Lawrence Memorial Fund solicits nominations for the 1980 Lawrence Memorial Award which will support travel for doctoral research in systematic botany or horticulture, or their history. Nominations are accepted until 1 April 1980. Contact Dr. Robert W. Kiger, Director, Hunt Institute, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.

At the meeting of Chinese and American Botanists held at Berkeley on 1 June 1979 (See September 1979 issue of the Plant Science Bulletin), it was agreed to hold joint Chinese-American symposia on botanical topics both in the U.S. and in China. Dr. Peter Raven, Chairman of the Botanical Society's committee, will be pleased to receive suggestions on topics of mutual interest and names of possible participants in such symposia. Contact Dr. Raven at the Missouri Botanical Garden, 2345 Tower Grove Road, St. Louis, MO 63110.


The Botany Department of Connecticut College and the Fairchild Tropical Garden have arranged a 2-week, 2-credit intensive course in tropical botany open to qualified students from the Northeast. This course, of interest to anthropologists, botanists and zoologists, will cover the identification, cultural and economic uses of major tropical plants of Central and South America. Tuition, housing and local trips will be $450. Applications (to be accompanied by a $25 deposit) should be made to Dr. Sally L. Taylor, Department of Botany, Connecticut College, New London, CT 06320.

The Association for Biology Laboratory Education will hold its annual meeting/workshop on 2-6 June 1980 at the University of Illinois, Urbana. Contact Dr. Don Fritsch, Biology Department, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284.

The 1980 joint meeting of The Electron Microscope Society of America and the Microbeam Analysis Society will be held 4-8 August in San Francisco. Contact Dr. David C. Joy, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ 07974.

The Symposium on Isotope and Radiation Techniques in Studies of Soil Physics, scheduled for April 1980 in Vienna, has been cancelled.

The Organization for Tropical Studies will offer its 17th consecutive year of graduate course in tropical science. The program will be taught in Costa Rica at the Organization's field stations. Contact Organization for Tropical Studies, P.O. Box DM, Duke Station, Durham, NC 27706.

The annual meeting of the American Phytopathological Society will be held 24-28 August 1980 in St. Paul, MN and on 2-6 August 1981 in New Orleans, LA. Contact Dr. H. E. Waterworth, Agricultural Research/SEA-USDA, Plant Introduction Station, Glenn Dale, MD 20769.


An International Conference on Oxygen and Oxy-radicals in Chemistry and Biology will be held 25-29 May 1980 at the University of Texas. Contact Dean of Continuing Education, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712.

The Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists will meet 14-19 June 1980 in Calgary, Alberta with the International Association of Plant Physiologists. Contact Dr. Ann Oaks, Biology Department, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4Kl, Canada.

The Second International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology will convene 17-24 July 1980 at the University of British Columbia. Contact Dr. G. G. E. Scudder, Dept. Zoology, Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. B6T 1 W5, Canada.

The Eighth International Congress on Photobiology will meet 20-25 July 1980 in Strasbourg, France. Contact Dr. M. Charlier, Centre Biophysique Moleculaire, 45045 Orleans Cedex, France.

The Second International Congress on Cell Biology will meet 31 August - 5 September 1980 in Berlin. Contact GCS Congress Organization, Joachinstaler Str. 19, D-l000 Berlin 15, Germany.

The Fifth Symposium of the Beltsville Agric. Res. Center will be on "Biological Control in Crop Production" and will be held 19-21 May 1980. Contact Chairman, Symposium V, Room 214, Bioscience Bldg. OBA, Beltsville, MD 20705.

The Sixth International Conference on the Origin of Life will be held in Israel on 23-28 June 1980. Contact Dr. M. Paecht-Horowitz, Polymer Dept., Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.

The Harvard University Summer School, in collaboration with the Fairchild Tropical Garden will offer Biology S-105 "Plants of the Tropics" for 4 units credit on 16 June-12 July 1980. Drs. P. F. Stevens of the Arnold Arboretum and P. B. Tomlinson of Harvard Forest will be instructors. Application should be made by 31 March 1980 to the Summer School of Arts & Sciences, Harvard University (Environmental and Field Biology Department FB) Harvard Summer School, 20 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138.

The winter Gordon Research Conferences will be held 4 January-29 February 1980 in Santa Barbara, CA. Contact Dr. A. M. Cruickshank, Gordon Conferences, Univ. Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881.

The AAAS annual meeting will be held 3-8 January 1980. Contact AAAS, Dept. 4, 1515 Massachusetts Ave., Washington, DC 20005.


Dr. Henry T. Northen, Professor Emeritus of Botany at the University of Wyoming, died 28 March 1979.

Dr. Charles H. Otis of Bowling Green, Ohio died during the summer of 1979.

Dr. Glenn W. Blaydes, Professor Emeritus of Botany at the Ohio State University, died on 26 June 1979. A fund in his name has been established at the OSC Foundation, Columbus, OH 43210.

In order to maintain current membership lists, members hearing of the deaths of members of the Botanical Society are asked to provide the Secretary of the Society with this information; the editor of the Plant Science Bulletin would also appreciate the opportunity to publish such information.


SINGH, H. Embryology of Gymnosperms. Encyclopedia of Plant Anatomy. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin/Stuttgart. 1978. 302 pp. illust. 151 figures.

Gymnosperms represent a very ancient, interesting, and economically important group of plants. Since the publication of the famous treatises by Schnarf and Chamberlain in 1933 and 1935, respectively, no authoritative work has been published which brings together the vast amount of information now available on the reproduction phenomena and life cycles of gymnosperms. This book very successfully fills that gap in our knowledge and will be welcomed by plant morphologists and foresters. It is authored by a member of one of the most distinguished laboratories of plant embryology, founded by the late Professor P. Maheshwari, and includes a wealth of information collected by many of his pupils. The organization of the book clearly shows the progress made since Schnarf and Chamberlain, as it is possible now to provide a comparative analysis of various aspects of reproduction in gymnosperms as a group, rather than discuss each major order in isolation, as was done previously. Thus, there are chapters on pollen development, male gametophyte and the pollen tube, pre- and post-pollination ovule, development of the female gametophyte and the female gamete, fertilization, embryogeny, seed development, and life cycles. Each chapter is well written, providing up-to-date information from a variety of sources, and is amply illustrated. It is refreshing to see the inclusion of information from histochemical, ultrastructural and tissue culture studies on gymnosperms included, which either support or clarify some of the more classical findings. I consider the volume to be the best source of information on reproduction in gymnosperms, and one that will remain useful for a long time.
Indra K. Vasil, University of Florida

MOORE, L. B. and J. B. IRWIN. The Oxford Book of New Zealand Plants. Oxford University Press, Wellington; Oxford; New York. 1978. 234 pp. illust. $58.00.

In "The Geography of the Flowering Plants," by Ronald Good, 4th Ed., 1974, the author, in reference to the New Zealand flora, has written, "Take the case of a botanist familiar with the British flora, who for the first time visits North America. There he will find many plants which he has not encountered before, but for the most part they will be so like those with which he is acquainted at home that he will be able to identify them fairly easily. If the same botanist now visits New Zealand he will again find many unfamiliar plants, indeed even more, but on this occasion his previous experiences will be of little or no help in diagnosing them." Indeed with almost 75 percent of endemics among the vascular plants of New Zealand, this book by Moore and Irwin should prove of great value for learning the identity of native plants during a short visit to New Zealand.

"The Trees of New Zealand" by Cockayne and Turner, 5th Ed., 1967, and "Trees and Shrubs of New Zealand" by Poole and Adams, 1963, are lower-priced volumes that cover the woody plants. The New Zealand government is also the publisher of the "Flora of New Zealand," volume I, 1961, by Allan, and volume II, 1970, by Moore and Edgar, but these are more technical books that necessarily will require longer study and usually the obtaining of flowering and fruiting specimens for identification of the plants.


The "Oxford Book" is not comprehensive, but does include the most prominent of the vascular plants as well as some algae, fungi and bryophytes. Of the some 400 species which are included, 266 are dicots, 47 are monocots, 7 are gymnosperms, 24 are pteridophytes, 8 are bryophytes, 30 are algae, 17 are fungi, and 10 are genera of lichens. This somewhat token treatment of other than angiosperms is necessarily less useful than the reasonably thorough treatment of dicots (84 families) and monocots (23 families). An extensive four page diagrammatic key to the dicot families may be marginally useful, but may prove confusing to the beginner, and probably not needed by persons having some knowledge of characteristics of the major families. A short conventional keys to the monocots and gymnosperms will serve as guides to the illustrated plates. Undoubtedly the most useful features of this volume are the 104 magnificent full page plates of drawings, 25 of which are in color. Important features of floral structure are very clearly illustrated, and these together with the fine drawings of vegetative details, should provide positive identification of all of the plants included in the book.

In checking the dicotyledon key with the listing of the families, I found a minor inconsistency in that genera of two of the families included in the key (Hectorellaceae and Gunneraceae) are listed as members of the Caryophyllaceae and the Haloragaceae, respectively, in the listing of the families (Native Seed Plants).

As one who has attempted to identify plants during a few- month's stay in New Zealand prior to the appearance of the "Oxford Book," I can appreciate the tremendous value and contribution of this new volume, and would strongly recommend that others in a similar situation obtain a copy for their use.
Adolph Hecht, Washington State University

WAREING, P. F. and 1. D. J. PHILLIPS. The Control of Growth and Differentiation in Plants. Second Edition. Pergamon Press, London, Beccles and Colchester. 1978. 347 pp., illust. £15.00/$35.00.

This book, written as an introduction to growth and differentiation for undergraduate students, combines the morphological aspects of plant growth and differentiation with the corresponding physiological activities. Beginning with a concise morphological presentation of growth and differentiation in cells, organs, and the whole plant, there follows an introduction to plant hormones. The structure of each hormone is described, then applied to theories of function within the plant. The authors present each theory clearly and suggest possible interactions between hormones in inducing a given response. The book then makes a smooth transition from these internal factors to external factors involved.

The confusing information on light responses in plants has been unscrambled and presented in a comprehensible manner. Phototropic (and geotropic) responses are examined, using excellent diagrams to model present theories. Phytochrome and photomorphogenesis are presented, at times using somewhat meaningless graphs. Photoperiodic and temperature influences on flowering are presented, as is the temperature response in dormancy. The anatomy and physiology of ageing and senescence are interwoven. In the concluding chapter, growth and differentiation phenomena are viewed in terms of genetic control, showing the total interdependence between factors in growth and differentiation and in genetic activities. All aspects of growth and differentiation are presented in an orderly, precise manner. Each new chapter is introduced by showing the interrelations between the previous chapters and the new chapter. The authors also include a chapter on aseptic culture methods and their uses in studying differentiation in plants. This is a valuable inclusion in an introduction to growth and differentiation since knowledge of experimental techniques often aids in understanding the results obtained. Each chapter is ended with a list of references to aid the interested student.
Sandra Hitchcock, University of Vermont

STUCKEY, RONALD L., (Ed.). Development of Botany in Selected Regions of North America before 1900. 186 pp. New York, Arno Press. 1978. $19.00

This compendium of eight essays, reproduced in facsimile, on the botany of yesteryear, opens with an editorial note and is followed by a 31-page "overview" by Frederick Brendel, M.D. His summary is useful but must be used with caution. One of the three articles not easily retrieved in libraries is J. E. Humphrey's readable and informative story, with portraits, of New England botanists. Other regional essays and their authors are: Philadelphia (Harshberger), Washington, D.C. (Coville), New Orleans (Cocks), and St. Louis (Spaulding, with illustrations), and the Southeast (Lemson-Scribner). H. H. Rusby tells of the Britton era at New York with a charm and perspective lacking in many of the other compositions. We miss introduction vignettes of the eight authors.
Joseph Ewan, Tulane University

MITCHELL, J. and A. ROOK. Botanical Dermatology. Plants and Plant Products Injurious to the Skin. Green-grass Ltd. Vancouver, B.C., Canada 1979. xiii + 787 p. $39.50.

This manual, written by two medical dermatologists, includes precisely what the title and subtitle says it does. Preceded by an invaluable potpourri of history, signs and symptoms and techniques for patch testing, the close to 700 pages of photo-offset detail present an alphabetic listing of irritant and allergic plants in 1400 genera of almost 250 plant families. Within each family, species known or reported (not always the same thing) to caused reactions in people have been listed, the irritant or allergic compound identified if known, and appropriate citations given. Treatment and prognosis are rarely noted. A week after receiving the book, this reviewer was called by a local emergency room to find out if the Hibiscus "tea" swallowed by one of the self-medication groups in town could be responsible for the symptoms exhibited. A quick look on p. 461 was all that was needed for an affirmative answer. Economic botanists, phytochemists and those who help the medical profession should put this volume on their must-have list.
Richard M. Klein, University of Vermont

IRVINE, D. E. G. and J. H. PRICE (Eds.). 1978. Modern Approaches to the Taxonomy of Red and Brown Algae. The Systematics Association Special Volume No. 10. Academic Press, London. xii + 484 pp. $26.20.

The emphasis of this volume is on innovative techniques in dealing with the persistent dilemma of deciphering the taxonomic relationships of red and brown seaweeds. About half of the 18 chapters present such themes, as seen in the uses of immunochemistry and infrared spectroscopy in cell wall studies, haemagglutinin reactions, hybridization and


transplanting experiments, and scanning electron microscopy, all of which are in their infancy or thus far little employed for algae. Several chapters focus on the application of numerical taxonomy or the use of computers to taxonomy within the brown algae. The balance of the book consists of updated reviews and progress reports, treating either broad topics (algal cytology at the light and TEM levels, red algal sporangial characteristics, polysaccharides, red algal parasites, etc.) or topics more restricted in their scope. Two chapters, 12 and 17, each dealing with a single genus (Callithamnion and Cystoseira, respectively) seem too specialized for the purposes of this book. The photographs in Chapter 12 do little to enhance its message.

The coverage shows a respectable balance, 8 chapters restricted to red algae, 6 to brown algae, and 4 treating both groups. Two chapters refer to green algae in more than a cursory way. The editors are to be complimented by the inclusion of four separate indices (author, taxonomic, chemical, and subject), which greatly facilitate use of the book. This publication largely achieves its goal and will be of wide service to phycologists and anyone interested in the special problems facing those working with these algae.
Michael J. Wynne, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

DAVIS, P. H. and J. CULLEN. The Identification of Flowering Plant Families. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, New York, 1979. x + 113 pp. illust. $14.95.

This book is designed to provide amateur and professional botanists and students of both botany and horticulture with a complete, yet concise guide to the identification of flowering plant families native and cultivated in north temperate regions. The authors include well-illustrated discussions on terminology used in the bracketed keys and helpful advice on examining the plants. Following the keys is a brief description of all 272 families identified arranged according to Stebbins' order and suggested references for identification to genus and species. Although some understanding of plant morphology is necessary to use this book, it is a practical guide to the identification of flowering plant families.
Margaret Bliss, University of Vermont

RALPH M. SARGENT. Biology in the Blue Ridge. Highlands Biological Foundation, Inc., Highlands, NC 28741. 157 pp. Soft cover. 1977. $5.50.

This volume describes the objectives, work, and progress resulting from the first 50 years (1927-1977) of the Highlands Biological Station. It tells of the Station's initiation, and of why the location is such an important one to the biology of the Appalachians. Efforts which have resulted in the growth of the institution as a respected Southern Appalachian center for graduate and post-doctoral study and research are documented. Over 350 research publications resulting from work at the Station are listed. The 40 percent of these based on botanical studies include papers concerned with phanerograms, bryophytes, algae, ferns, and 60-odd with fungi. Several extensive publications deal with the floristics and vegetation of the southern Blue Ridge Escarpment gorges; others with regional, or state, checklists of vascular plants. And a range of treatments dealing with plants from Cladrastic to Shortia are found in the publication list.
Walter S.Flory, Wake Forest University

BIDWELL, R. G. S. Plant Physiology. Second edition. Macmillan Publishing Co., New York. 1979. 762 pp. $18.95.

The second edition of this undergraduate text retains the "whole plant" approach to plant physiology. There are, again, six major sections: Introduction and Background; Plant Metabolism; Soil, Water and Air: The Nutrition of Plants; The Developing Plant--Plant Behavior; Physiology of Special Organisms; Physiology of Plant Distribution and Communities. This edition is a much enlarged book; the page size is larger, there are more pages, and the typeface is slightly reduced. Many sections have been rewritten and the entire text brought up-to-date. C4 and CAM photosynthesis, photo respiration, and nitrogen fixation have received special attention.

The text is profusely illustrated; the quality of paper is very good permitting sharp and clear reproduction of photographs and electron micrographs. An unusual feature has been retained: both Author Index and Index of Plant Names are annotated, greatly enhancing their usefulness.

Section I, primarily a review of basic chemistry and angiosperm cell and organ structure, is sufficiently detailed to permit students with poor backgrounds to comprehend the chemistry and botany of the rest of the text.

This new edition is an excellent undergraduate text but the instructor should be aware of the background of the audience when deciding on its adoption. The competitor texts (Noggle and Fritz, 1976; Salisbury and Ross, 2nd ed., 1978) share one characteristic, that of being much more detailed and requiring a stronger background in chemistry than does Bidwell.
Deana T. Klein, St. Michael's College


GREENHOUSE MANAGEMENT by J. J. Hanan, W. D. Holley and K. L. Goldsberry. Springer Verlag, NY 1978

PRINCIPLES OF HORTICULTURE, Second Edition by E. L. Denison, Macmillan, NY 1979

DWARFED FRUIT TREES by H. B. Tukey, Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, NY 1978

GARDEN SPICE AND WILD POT-HERBS, AN AMERICAN HERBAL by W. C. Muenchner and M. A. Rice. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, NY 1978 (reprint)

HORTICULTURE: A BASIC AWARENESS by R. F. Baudensistel, Reston Publ. Co., Reston, VA 1979

PROFITABLE GARDEN CENTER MANAGEMENT by L. Berninger, Reston Publ. Co., Reston, VA 1978

NEW BUDGET LANDSCAPING by C. B. Lees. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, NY 1979

THE GRAFTER'S HANDBOOK by R. J. Garner. Oxford Univ. Press, NY 1979

PESTS OF GRAIN LEGUMES: ECOLOGY AND CONTROL by S. R. Singh, et al. Academic Press, NY 1979

MAIZE BREEDING & GENETICS by D. B. Walden (Ed.). Wiley Interscience, NY 1978

RICE IN AFRICA by I. W. Buddenhagen & G. J. Persley (Eds.). Academic Press, NY 1978

PLANT BREEDING FOR PEST AND DISEASE RESISTANCE by G. E. Russell. Butterworth Group, Sevenoaks, Kent, England 1978

VIROIDS AND VIROID DISEASES by T. O. Diner. Wiley Interscience, NY 1979


BUMBLEBEE ECONOMICS by B. Heinrich. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1979

PLANTS OF PREY by R. R. Erickson. Univ. Western Australia Press, Nedlands 1978

KEYS TO THE FAMILIES AND GENERA OF QUEENSLAND FLOWERING PLANTS, Second Edition by H. T. Clifford and G. Ludlow. Univ. Queensland Press distributed by Technical Impex Corp. 5 S. Union St., Lawrence, MA 01843

FLORA VITIENSIS NOVA: A NEW FLORA OF FIJI, Volume 1 by A. C. Smith. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 96765

HANDBOOKS OF THE FLORA OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA, Volume 1 by J. S. Womersley (Ed.). Melbourne Univ. Press, distributed by ISBS, Inc., Forest Grove, OR 97116

AUSTRALIAN WHEAT VARIETIES by G. K. Ferns et al. Published by the CSIRO Wheat Research Unit, North Ryde, NWS 1979

STONE FLOWERS by Will H. Blackwell, Jr. Vantage Press, NY 10001

FLORA NEOTROPICA, Monograph 21 (Lecythidaceae-Part 1) by G. T. Prance and S. A. Mori. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458 1979

THE VEGETATION OF NORTH STRADBROKE ISLAND by H. T. Clifford and R. L. Specht. University of Queensland Press 1979

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