Plant Science Bulletin archive
Issue: 1984 v30 No 1 Spring
PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN
A Publication of the Botanical Society of America, Inc.
VOLUME 30, NUMBER 1, February, 1984
EMANUEL D. RUDOLPH, Editor
The Plant Science Bulletin is published six times a year, February, April, June, August, October, and December, at The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210. Subscriptions $10.00/yr. Change of address should be sent to Editor. Second class postage paid at Columbus, OH.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Botanical Society of Americas Annual Meetings, August 6-10, 1984 at Colorado State University, Fort Collins will feature a variety of symposia and workshops as listed below! Contributed paper sessions, for which abstracts are due to Section secretaries by February 6, will also be held.
The Botanical Society of America in 1983 awarded Certificates of Merit to fifteen outstanding graduating seniors majoring in Botany, based upon recommendations by faculty members. Awardees and sponsors are:
Moira A. Courtney, by Ann M. Hirsch, Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181
Ann Marie De Bolt, by Sherman J. Preece, Department of Botany, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812
Sara Deeghan, by Ann M. Hirsch, Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181
Michael J. DeVit, by Robert L. Burgess, Department of Environmental and Forest Biology, State University of New York, Syracuse, NY 13210
Cheryl Doneskey, by Asa C. Thoresen, Biology Department, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI 49104
Deborah Fischlin, by W. F. Grant, Department of Plant Science, MacDonald Campus of McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H9X 1C0
Margaret Gawienowski, by Ann M. Hirsch, Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181
Paul Daniel Loomis, by Nicholas C. Maravolo, Department of Biology, Lawrence University, Appleton, WI 54912
Marghi McKeon, by Marshall D. Sundberg, Department of Biology, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI 54701
Scott L. Miles, by Sherman J. Preece, Department of Botany, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812
David M. Rizzo, by Gilbert S. Trelawny, Department of Biology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA 22807
Michael R. Sackschewsky, by Jane H. Bock, Environmental, Population and Organismic Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309
Ruth A. Schmidt, by Ann M. Hirsch, Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181
Virginia Walker, by Ann M. Hirsch, Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181
Keith M. Witherup, by Thomas W. Gaither, Biology Department, Slippery Rock State College, Slippery Rock, PA 16057
Nels R. Lersten, Treasurer, For the Membership and Appraisal Committee
The Botanical Society of America requests nominations for the Young Botanist Recognition Program for 1984. The Society sponsors this program to offer individual recognition to outstanding senior undergraduates in the plant sciences and to encourage their participation in the Botanical Society of America. Awards to successful nominees are in the form of Certificates of Recognition, signed by the President of the Society, and forwarded to the chairperson of the candidates department for presentation.
Nominations, with appropriate documentation, should be sent to Dr. Nels R. Lersten, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, to be received by April 6, 1984.
University of Pennsylvania Receives Major Grant for Plant Science Institute:
in early Spring. Advances in plant science research are expected to have many practical results, including improved crops, said Professor Stephen Roth, chairman of Penns biology department. In addition to raising $5.7 million, including a $1-million contribution from the Seeley G. Mudd Fund for the Plant Science Institute facility, the University has already spent $6 million on the renovation of its existing biology facilities and has nearly doubled the size of its biology faculty.
Ecological Section Award:
Proposed International Botanical Society:
AJB Issues for Sale: Michael T. Postek, 15 Selfridge Rd., Bedford, MA 01730, has issues from 1973 through 1983 for sale upon request.
(All positions are by affirmative action/equal opportunity employers.)
Molecular Botanist at Rutgers:
Assistant Professorship at SUNY Buffalo:
Agricultural Research at USDA Peoria:
Evolutionary Ecologist at Iowa State:
teaching position. Candidates should have research accomplishments in population genetics of natural plant populations or the evolutionary implications of ecological phenomena. The position is viewed as an interface between ecology and taxonomy and is important to both programs. Development of a strong research program is expected. The appointee will teach an undergraduate course in biological evolution, a graduate course in plant population biology, and/or other appropriate courses. Postdoctoral research and previous teaching experience is preferred. Send curriculum vitae, statement of research interests, graduate transcripts, and 3 letters of recommendation to: Ronald C. Coolbaugh, Chairman, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, by February 15, 1984 or until the position is filled.
Structural Assistant Professor at Michigan State:
Plant Physiologist at Central Arkansas:
Biologist at California State Polytechnic:
Graduate Assistantships at Iowa State:
Graduate and Postdoctoral Fellowships at Research Triangle Universities:
The graduate student stipend is $8,000 plus tuition, with an allowance for supplies and travel. The award is renewable for up to three years. The postdoctoral stipend is $21,500 with an allowance for supplies and travel, renewable for up to two years.
Candidates should apply directly to the departments of their choice for admission and postdoctoral positions. Applications for a fellowship or inquiries about the program should be sent to the Biotechnology Center by February 15, 1984 and should include curriculum vitae, a summary of research interests, and the departments (graduate students) or faculty members (postdoctoral fellows) to whom you have applied. Applicants also should have three letters of reference and undergraduate and graduate transcripts sent to the North Carolina Biotechnology Center, Box 12235, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, 914/549-0671.
Dr. Samuel Wood Geiser, Professor Emeritus of Biology at Southern Methodist University died on August 28, 1983. The better part of his scholarly work was devoted to the investigation of the activities of early naturalists of the South and Southwest.
Biogeography of Central America:
Symposium on Tropical Ecology:
Symposium on the Biosphere:
Bicarbonate Utilization Workshop:
Plant Improvement Symposium:
There will also be contributed paper sessions. For more information and a preliminary application form, contact either Dr. Dennis Whigham, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Box 28, Edgewater, MD 21037, or Dr. Jan Kvet, Institute of Botany, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 379 82 Trebon, Czechoslovakia.
Soybean Research Conference:
Janzen, Daniel H., ed. Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, 1983. xi + 816 p., illus. ISBN 0-226-393321; 0226-393348 paper. $50.00; $30.00 paper. (A comprehensive introduction to the complex tropical
Natural world by 175 contributors that treats exploration and biotic history, climate, soils, agriculture, plants, reptiles and amphibians, mammals, birds, and insects and gives current understandings which are constantly increasing.)
Lewis, Chris Biological Ruels. The Institute of Biologys Studies in Biology No. 153. Edward Arnold, 300 North Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21201, 1983. 59 p. ISBN 0-7131-2864-X paper, $8.95. (An introduction to biomass use, production, and economics that should be useful to students at various levels of understanding.)
Moss, E. H., Revised by John G. Packer. Flora of Alberta. 2nd ed. University of Toronto Press, 33 East Tupper St., Buffalo, NY 41203, 1983. xiii + 687 p. ISBN 0-8020-2508-0. $45.00. (Thoroughly revised and considerably expanded from the original 1959 edition by E. H. Moss, this Flora of Alberta contains dichotomous keys and short descriptions for 1175 known species of vascular plants, in addition to several new features including a brief description and map of the major vegetation types, short biographical sketches of notable early plant collectors, somatic chromosome numbers for many of the taxa, small dot distribution maps for 1158 native species.) Ronald L. Stuckey, Department of Botany, The Ohio State University.
Nitecki, Matthew, H., ed. Coevolution. The University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, 1983. x + 392 p., illus. ISBN 0-226-58686-3; 0-226-58687-1 paper. $30.00; $17.00 paper. (The papers of a symposium that treat whole communities, small groups of species, two interacting species; and also consider various definitions and interpretations of the meaning of Coevolution.)
Nobel, P. S. Biophysical Plant Physiology and Ecology. W. H. Freeman and Co., Publishers, 41 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10010, 1983. xii + 688 p, over 100 illus. ISBN 0-7167-1447-7. $34.95. (A new book based on the authors 1974 book, but with SI units, more illustrations, more whole plant and ecological applications, and greatly expanded appendices.)
Cowdrewy, Albert E. This Land, This South; An Environmental History. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, 1983, xiv + 236 p., illus. ISBN 0-8131-0302-9. $23.00. (A historical survey of the relationships between humans and their natural environment in the South that is scholarly and interesting.)
Dale, J. E. and F. L. Milthorpe, eds. The Growth and Functioning of Leaves. Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th St., New York, NY 10022, 1983. xvi + 540 p., illus. ISBN 0-521-23761-0. $89.50. (Papers that were presented at a symposium held in Sydney in August 1981 that consider: Initiation and early growth; leaf growth and development of function; and the mature leaf and its significance; with a summary and discussion by D. Geiger and F. L. Milthorpe.)
Hull, David L. Darwin and His Critics; The Reception of Darwins Theory of Evolution by the Scientific Community. The University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, 1983. (reprint of 1973 ed.). xii + 473 p. ISBN 0-226-36046-6. paper $15.00. (A reprint of the classical study of how critics in the scientific community reacted to Darwins theory.)
Kaufman, Peter B., T. Lawrence Mellichamp, Janice Gilmn-Lacy and J. Donald LaCroix. Practical Botany. Reston Publishing Co., 11480 Sunset Hills Rd., Reston, VA 22090. 1983. xix + 455 p., illus. ISBN 0-8359-5580-X. $22.95. (A basic textbook emphasizing the uses humans make of flowering plants that includes such topics as soils, natural plant communities, houseplants, home landscaping, pest control, edible wild plants, spices and drug plants, plant crafts, and plant photography in addition to basic structure and function considerations.)
Li, Hui-Lin. Contributions to Botany; Studies in Plant Geography, Phylogeny and Evolution, Ethnobotany and Dendrological and Horticultural Botany. Epoch Publishing Co., P.O. Box 1642, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, 1983. (iv) + 528 p., illus. $24.50 + $3.00 postage. (Facsimile reprinting of some of the papers of Professor Li spanning 35 years together with a biographical sketch and bibliography in honor of his seventieth birthday.)
Lindsey, Alton A. Naturalist on Watch. Merry Lea Environmental Learning Center, Goshen College, Goshen, IN 46526, 1983. viii + 220 p., illus. ISBN 0-913859-00-1; 0-913859-01-X paper. $11.00 + 50 cents tax for Indians residents; $5.75 + 24 cents tax for paperback. (A fine collection for original nature essays that cover places from Indiana to both polar regions, and topics from the record trees in the Midwest to protective coloration in desert life.)
Saturo, Kurata and Toshiyuki Nakaiki, eds. Illustrations of Pteridophytes of Japan. Vol. 3. Columbia Univ. Press – for Tokyo Univ. Press, 562 W. 113 St., New York, NY 10025. ISBN 0-86008-933-0. $60.00.
Stone, John F. and Wayne O. Illis, eds. Plant Production and Management Under Drought Conditions. Developments in Agricultural and Managed Forest Ecology 12. Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., P.O. Box 1663, Grand Central Station, New York, NY 10163, 1983. vii + 389 p., illus. ISBN 0-444-42214-5. (Papers that were presented at a symposium in October 1982 in Tulsa, Oklahoma treating: weather modifications; soil, plant and atmosphere effects; plant breeding and genetics; physiology of stress; and remote sensing of plant stress and water use comprise this volume.)
Barbara Bently and Tomas Elias, The Biology of Nectaries, Editors, Columbia University Press, New York, 1983, 259 p., ISBN 0-231-04446-1. $33.50.
Nectaries have been known and studied for a very long time, but only recently have we begun to learn about and really understand the details of their anatomy, physiology and ecological significance. Recent advances in instrumentation and analytical techniques have resulted in much progress in these areas. This volume was conceived at an AIBS symposium in 1977, and the selected contributors are specialists in different areas of botany. The eight papers in this book represent the multidisciplinary nature of the work being done on nectarines. However, the volume of research that has been done in this area is represented only by the list of references at the end of each paper. The essays include ultrastructural studies, nectar production in the tropics, Coevolution of plant-pollinators and the chemistry of floral nectar, the robbing of nectar from flowers by animals other than pollinators, extrafloral nectarines in tropical agriculture, and techniques for studying nectar and nectar production. Although there is no textbook-style topic sequence, every essay contains an abundance of fascinating information which should stimulate any student or botanist who is considering research on nectaries or other parts of the flower. The book has an index to scientific names plus a subject index.
Griffiths, Anthony J. F., and Fred R. Ganders. Wildflower Genetics, Flight Press, 3630 West Broadway, No. 2., Vancouver, B.C. V6R 2B7, Canada. 1983. 215 p. +35 color plates, $9.95.
The telephone rings . . . one of your neighborhood wildflower lovers is quivering with excitement at the other end of the line. Something unusual has been discovered not mentioned in any of the local floras, and you, as a professional botanist, are expected to explain what is going on and whether or not anyone has noticed anything like it before. Any botanist who reacts with enthusiasm at this kind of query will appreciate this paperback produced by two botanists at the University of British Columbia. Books which successfully bridge the theoretical, experimental world of the modern scientists and the everyday world of the serous layperson are precious. Here is an excellent example, using natural phenomena easily noticed by the average person to introduce genetic principles. It will satisfy the request for “a good book for beginners.
The authors first introduce the reader to basic concepts of inheritance and genetic variation, including research techniques, then proceed to describe an impressive array of natural examples. Among the phenomena dealt with are flower-color mutants, double flowers, growth-form mutants, variegation, polymorphisms of vegetative and reproductive structures, breeding systems and hybridization. In some cases rather complex genetic situations are explained, in others only rough guesses are offered. The distinction between genetic and environmentally induced variation is clearly described. Suggestions for further study are mentioned frequently.
Aiming to satisfy a popular audience is a double-edged sword: what pleases some will be taken as a shortcoming by others, and a popular audience is much more diverse than that expected for technical treatises. It appears that the necessary technical matter is presented as clearly as might be hoped for; one wonders, however, if it will substitute for formal training in genetics, i.e., is it inadequate or superfluous? The regional emphasis of this book will have strong appeal to those familiar with the flora of the Pacific Northwest. Workers elsewhere will have to take inspiration and produce similar works with local examples. One should recognize that even the most serious amateur is still mainly attentive to that which occurs in the immediate vicinity.
The most serious criticism might be that the book lacks specific references to previous experimental work. It would be much more valuable if one could clearly distinguish between original observations (of which there are many) and discussions which are documented in the primary literature. Both authors have published rather extensively on the
topics covered here, and by citing some of their work could have increased the authoritativeness of their observations. Proper documentation would also better serve students who turn to this book for research ideas; it is a particularly rich source of potential thesis or independent research topics.
The success of this book derives mainly from the wealth of natural examples presented and the succinct characterization of their genetic pecularities. Over a hundred are mentioned with a large proportion illustrated by clear line drawings, photographs and other graphics. The color plates are dramatic and well-produced. The books over-all quality of production is excellent. The reasonable price alone should guarantee satisfaction on the part of any person with more than a passing interest in understanding wildflowers. It is especially recommended to the professional botanist who communicates regularly with the general public.